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Greece Vocab

tyrant a cruel and oppressive ruler.
oligarchy a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution. "the ruling oligarchy of military men around the president" a country governed by an oligarchy. "the English aristocratic oligarchy of the 19th century" government by o
democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
sparta Sparta definition. An ancient Greek city-state and rival of Athens. Sparta was known for its militaristic government and for its educational system designed to train children to be devoted citizens and brave soldiers. Sparta defeated Athens in the Pelopon
athens Athens definition. Capital of Greece in east-central Greece on the plain of Attica, overlooking an arm of the Mediterranean Sea. Named after its patron goddess, Athena, Athens is Greece's largest city and its cultural, administrative, and economic center.
helots a member of a class of serfs in ancient Sparta, intermediate in status between slaves and citizens. a serf or slave.
solon Solon (Greek: Σόλων; c. 638 – c. 558 BC) was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in archaic Athens.
peisistratus Definition of Peisistratus. d 527 b.c. Athenian tyrant.
Cleisthenes Cleisthenes (/ˈklaɪsθəˌniːz/; Greek: Κλεισθένης, also Clisthenes or Kleisthenes) was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family. He is credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508/7 BC.
persia Also called Persian Empire. an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia: at its height it extended from Egypt and the Aegean to India; conquered by Alexander the Great 334–331 b.c. 2. former official name (until 1935) of Iran.
cyrus the great Definition. by Wikipedia. published on 28 April 2011. Cyrus II (reign: 559-530 BCE), also known as Cyrus the Great, was the founder of the Persian empire. When he became king, Persia was a client state of the empire of the Medes.
darius Known as “Darius the Great.” 550?–486 BC. King of Persia (521–486) who expanded the empire, organized a highly efficient administrative system, and invaded Greece, only to be defeated at the Battle of Marathon in 490.
satrapies a province governed by a satrap.
satrap a provincial governor in the ancient Persian empire. any subordinate or local ruler.
zoroastrianism a monotheistic pre-Islamic religion of ancient Persia founded by Zoroaster in the 6th century BC.
marathon a long-distance running race, strictly one of 26 miles and 385 yards (42.195 km). a long-lasting or difficult task or operation of a specified kind. "the last leg of an interview marathon that began this summer"
xerxes Definition. by Joshua J. Mark. published on 28 April 2011. Xerxes I (ruled 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
themistocles Themistocles (/θəˈmɪstəˌkliːz/; Greek: Θεμιστοκλῆς [tʰemistoklɛ̂ːs] Themistoklẽs; "Glory of the Law"; c. 524–459 BC) was an Athenian politician and general.
Thermopylae Thermopylae 350 09, Greece
salamis a type of highly seasoned sausage, originally from Italy, usually eaten cold in slices. 2. BASEBALLinformal a grand slam home run.
plataea Plataea (/pləˈtiːə/) or Plataeae (/pləˈtiːiː/; Ancient Greek: Πλάταια or Πλαταιαί) was an ancient city, located in Greece in southeastern Boeotia, south of Thebes. It was the location of the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC, in which an alliance of Greek city-
delos Delos, Mikonos, Greece
direct democracy Direct Democracy can be defined as a form or system of democracy giving citizens an extraodinary amount of participation in the legislation process and granting them a maximum of political self-determination.
represenative democracy Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic, or psephocracy) is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
pericles Pericles Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athens' political and cultural supremacy in Greece; he ordered the construction of the Parthenon (died in 429 BC)
philosophers a person engaged or learned in philosophy, especially as an academic discipline. synonyms: thinker, theorist, theorizer, theoretician, metaphysicist, metaphysician; More
aspasia Aspasia/; Greek: Ἀσπασία; c. 470 BC – c. 400 BC) was an influential immigrant to Classical-era Athens who was the lover and partner of the statesman Pericles. The couple had a son, Pericles the Younger, but the f
Created by: RC04571



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