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Hin/Bud test

Flashcards for Hinduism/Buddhism test

QuestionAnswer
Describe the sacred writings of Hinduism. What are they called? What do they describe? Vedas. "Books of Knowledge". Written in Sanskrit. It contains the history of Hinduism religion. Lists the dharma rules for each caste level. Written in song form.
List three details that describe the caste system in India during the birth of Hinduism. 1. The only way to change the caste system is death + reincarnation into a new life. 2. Only allowed to have jobs within your caste level. 3. Only allowed to marry within your caste.
Who were the untouchables? -Children of the outcastes -lived in poverty -being punished for something in their past life
In 1950, the Indian government outlawed the caste system and made it illegal to mistreat untouchables. List and describe two reasons the government ended this practice. 1. It was unfair to treat the untouchables' outcastes with such disrespect. 2. Unfair to deny opportunities for people who are willing to work hard in this lifetime.
Interpret the statement: "Good dharma (rules) means good karma" If you are good at following dharma rules, you will have good karma to push you up in the caste system in your next life.
Similarities in Hinduism and Buddhism: 1. Karma 2. Reincarnation
Differences in Hinduism and Buddhism: Hindus=believed in the caste system Buddhists=no caste system b/c they wanted equality Hindus=focus on all life is connected Buddhists=focus on how to end suffering
Who was Siddhartha Guatama? Describe his life before he left the palace. A prince in a small kingdom in India. Born + raised as a Hindu with a perfect life. He never knew of pain + suffering in the world. His father shelter him so that he would be a king + not a teacher (because of his mom's dream)
What three experiences upset Siddhartha Guatama and made him feel that the should leave the palace? 1. Pain 2. Illness 3. Death
Siddhartha decided to become a monk and search for wisdom. His name was eventually changed to Budda. What does that mean? What did he discover? Buddha mean "awakened one" or "enlighten one". He discovered to Four Noble Truths and realized that the Eightfold Path will lead to the Middle Way.
Created by: mayaginsberg
 

 



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