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hinduism/buddhism

flashcards to study for test

QuestionAnswer
describe the sacred writings of Hinduism.what are they called? what do they describe? Vedas."Books of knowledge" Written in sanskrit. Contains history of the hinduism religion. Lists the dharma rule for each caste level. Written in song form.
describe the sacred writings of Hinduism.what are they called? what do they describe? Vedas."Books of knowledge" Written in sanskrit. Contains history of the hinduism religion. Lists the dharma rule for each caste level. Written in song form.
List 3 details that describe the caste system in India during the birth of Hinduism ? 1. The only way to change the caste system is death+reincarnation into a new life 2. Only allowed to have jobs with in your caste level 3. Only allowed to marry with in your caste
List 3 details that describe the caste system in India during the birth of Hinduism ? 1. The only way to change the caste system is death+reincarnation into a new life 2. Only allowed to have jobs with in your caste level 3. Only allowed to marry with in your caste
Name each level in the caste system? - Priests - Royals - Profesinals / Merchants - Servents
Name each level in the caste system? - Priests - Royals - Profesinals / Merchants - Servents
Who were the untouchables? - Children of the outcastes - Live in poverty - Being punished for something in their past life
What was the 3 steps in the cycle of life(in order of events)? 1. birth/ life 2. death 3.rebirth
In 1950, the Indian government outlawed the caste system and made it illegal to mistreat untouchables. List 2 reasons the government ended this practice? 1. It was unfair to treat the untouchables + outcastes with such disrespect 2. Unfair to deny opportunities for people who are willing to work hard in this lifetime.
Interpret the statement: "Good dharma means good karma" If you are good at following dharma rules, you will have good karma to push you up in the caste system in your next life.
Who was Siddhartha Gautama? Describe his life before he left the palace. a prince in a small kingdom in India. Born + raised as a Hindu with a perfect life. He never knew of pain + suffering in the world. His father sheltered him so that he would be a king + not a teacher
What experiences upset Siddhartha Gautama and made him feel that he should leave the palace? He discovered -pain -illness -death Which all cause suffering
Siddhartha decided tp become a monk and teach for wisdom. His name was eventually changed to Buddha. What does that mean? What did he discover? It means that he was the "awakened one" or "enlightened one". He discover The Four Noble Truths and realized that the Eightfold Path will lead tenth middle way
monk- a monk is a man that gives up all he owns and gives his life to his religion
karma- is a force caused by a person's good and bad acts. Also said to affect future lives.
Four Noble Truths- The principles that rule life and promise to suffering. A. life is filled with suffering B.suffering is caused by people wanting more pleasure,more power, or a longer life C.suffering can end if people stop wanting things D. people must follow 8 laws
Eightfold Path- is a set of instructions on the proper way to live
Middle way- the laws of the Eightfold path were neither too strict nor to easy. they represent a middle way of living
Buddhisum- a religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches that the most important thing in life isn to reach peace by ending suffering
Siddhartha Gautama- Ancient Indian religious leader, known as the Buddha who founded Buddhism
Hinduism- the religion of India that grew out of the beliefs of the ancient Aryan people. It stresses that one main force connects all of life. 800 million practice it.
Vedas- Sacred books of the Hindus where songs and rules are written
Cast System- Former social system of Hindus where a person's place is determined by the rank of the family in which he or she is born.
Reincarnation- A constant cycle of life, death, and rebirth
Dharma- The laws and duty that guided the behavior of each cast member
Karma- How you behave now and in your past life has an effect on your future life
Aryans- Invaded India in 1500 B.C.; lived in small villages, moved often
Harapppans - They built great cities such as Mohenjo-Daro.
Priestly Caste- The highest level of Caste system
Servant caste- The lowest level of the caste system
Outcastes- Hindus who lived outside all caste; looked down by others
Untouchables- Were the children of the outcastes
Sanskrit- ancient language of the Hindu holy books
Polythesim- the belief in more than one god; Hinduism is polytheistic
India- country in which Hinduism is practiced
Names of some of the gods/ goddess- Vishnu, Shiva, Ganesh,Devi
Ganges River- a river in India where the Hindus worshiped
Nomads- people who move from place to place
Created by: brooke2426
 

 



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