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Early- U.S. Govt

QuestionAnswer
Mayflower Compact First steps toward self representation, Democracy
Mercantilism Countries invading others for their natural resources, trade
Salutary Neglect The British Policy of not bothering the colonists as long as they were trading
French Indian War The first war in America that the British and the French fought over Ohio river land
Proclamation Line Western boundary that the colonists can not cross, Appalachian Mountains
Southern Colonies Hot, Fertile soil,
Middle Colonies Mild, Bread basket
New England Colonies Cold weather, Fishing, lumber
tea tax, sugar tax, Boston massacre Reason for the American Revolutoin
Declaration of Independence A letter to the King of England with a list of grievances from the colonists
John Locke Natural Rights, Life, liberty, and pursuit of property
Thomas Paine Wrote Common common sense, declaration of Independence
Consent of the governed No taxation without my representation
George Washington Stay Neutral and isolated, and his farewell address
Whiskey Rebellion Taxes on whiskey to pay the American Revolutionary war
Articles of Confederation First Constitution of the U.S.- problem all the states had all the power
Constitutional Convention A meeting to fix the Constitution of the U.S.
Federalists People who wanted a new Constitution and favored a strong central government
Anti-Federalists People who feared a strong central government and didn't want to change the articles of confederation
Executive Branch Enforces the laws, President and vice President
Legislative Branch Two Houses House of Representatives and Senate which makes Congress and they make the laws
Judicial Branch Supreme court - interpret the laws
The Great Compromise Compromise how congress would be set up. Two houses- Bicameral legislature, House of Representative and Senate which makes Congress
Bicameral Legislature Two Houses, House of Representative and Senate that makes Congress
Presidential Cabinet Example of an unwritten Constitution
Amend & Ratify Two ways to change the Constitution
Supreme law of the land Another name for the U.S. Constitution
Elastic Clause How the Constitution changes to adopt to the needs of the people
Census Count the people in the State every ten years for the Legislative branch House of Representative
3/5 Compromise How slaves would be counted in Congress for the House of Represenative
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments of the Constitution to protect the people and to satisfy the antifederalists
Checks and balances To make sure that one branch of government doesn't get more powerful than the others
Separation of powers Separate powers from the 3 branches to make sure one doesn't become more powerful than the other
An executive order What the President can do in order to pass a law without going through the branches
Alexander Hamilton Created the First national Bank
What was wrong with the Bank? It violated the Constitution- Loose interpreatation
Electoral college The system that elects the President
Why did the framers of the Constitution create the Electoral College? They didn't trust the citizens
Thomas Jefferson He purchased the Louisiana territory and it was against the Constitution
What was the result of the Louisiana purchase? U.S. doubled in size, access to the port of New Orleans
Mississippi River What is the longest river in America?
Federalism When power is divided between the state and the federal government
Created by: ygarcia13