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U.S History Exam

9 weeks exam

TermDefinition
13th Amendment ended slavery
14th Amendment citizenship for African Americans (but not Native Americans until 1924)
15th Amendment voting rights for black men (but not women until 19th Amendment- 1920)
16th Amendment income; demanded by Populists and Progressives as a response to unequal distribution of wealth
17th Amendment direct election of senators; response to "Millionaires Club" Senate
18th Amendment Prohibition of Alcohol; supported by both Fundamentalists and progressives; led to an increase in organized crime
19th Amendment women's suffrage; response to women's contributions during WWI; suffrage leaders included Susan B. Anthony, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Alice Paul
21st Amendment Repealed the 18th Amendment (Prohibition of Alcohol)
Booker T. Washington wanted blacks to achieve economic independence; encouraged vocational education (Tuskegee Institute)
W.E.B. DuBois Harvard educated black leader; wanted blacks to achieve social and political equality
Great Migration movement of 1.5 million blacks from the South to the North; led to the Harlem Renaissance (Langston Hughes) and the spread of Jazz (Duke Ellington/Louis Jordan) and Blues
Harlem Hell fighters segregated black army troops that fought in WWI
Manifest Destiny the belief that the U.S. was destined to take of North America; justification for westward expansion and imperialism
Dawes Act was passed to assimilate the Indians
Transcontinental Railroad Railroad linked the nation together in 1869; brought settler to the west
Laissez-faire capitalism led to the unequal distribution of wealth; most workers earned a few hundred dollars a year. this led to the rise of labor unions
New Immigrants began coming to America in the 1880s from southern and eastern Europe; moved to cities to find factory work
Nativist tried to restrict immigration; believed immigrants took jobs by working cheaply
Chinese Exclusion Act prohibited immigration of Chinese laborers
Mass Marketing began to develop in the late 19th century, as well as department stores, and five-and-dime stores
Political Machines were corrupt government organizations that got votes for favors
Imperialism the process of building an empire and dominating weaker nations economically, politically, or militarily
Factors that drove imperialism need for markets need for raw minerals desire for power and prestige moral duty ("White man's burden")
Open Door Policy to keep the doors of trade open with China; led to the Boxer Rebellion in 1900
Created by: Becca101