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Chapter 18 Vocab

TermDefinition
frontier an undeveloped area
boomtown a Western community that grew quickly because of the mining boom and often disappeared when the boom ended
cattle drive a long journey on which cowboys herded cattle to northern markets or better grazing lands
transcontinental railroad a railroad system that crossed the continental United States: construction began in 1863
reservations federal lands set aside for American Indians
buffalo soldiers African American soldiers who served in the cavalry during the wars for the west
Homestead Acts (1862) a law passed by Congress to encourage settlement in the West by giving government-owned land to the small farmers
Exodusters African Americans who settled western lands in the late 1800s
sodbusters the name given to the Plains farmers who worked hard to break up the region’s tough sod
dry farming a method of farming used by Plains farmers in the 1890s that shifted focus from water-dependent crops to mostly hardy crops
deflation a decrease in money supply and overall lower prices
Populist Party a political party formed in 1892 that supported free coinage of silver, work reforms, immigration restriction, and government ownership of railroads and telegraph and telephone systems
Created by: tlblack