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World War II Review

Review of the events and terms of WWII

TermDefinition
Facism total power is given to a dictator
Germany's Dictator Adolf Hitler
Italy's Dictator Benito Mussolini
Japan's Dictator Hideki Tojo
Appeasement The Allies give in to Hitler in order to keep peace
Nationalism Extreme love for one's country
Real Cause/ Beginning of WWII Germany invades Poland - September 1, 1939
War Reparations paid by Germany for WWI 2010
Ethiopia First Country Italy invades (1935)
Treaty that ended WWI The Treaty of Versailles
Black Shirts Mussolini's secret police
King Victor Emmanuell King of Italy - Gave Mussolini power
Valdimir Lennin Leader of the Bolshevik Revolution
Joseph Stalin Leader of Russia after Lenin - Killed approx. 10-20 Million Russians
The Great Terror Led by Stalin - Killed 10-20 Million Russians who did not agree with him.
National Socialist German Worker's Party Nazi Party - Founded by Adolf Hitler
Mien Kampf "My Struggle" - written by Hitler in prison - explains his plan for world domination
Blitzkreig Lighting War - method of attack used by the Germans
Maginot Line Built by France as a defense against the Germans - along the French/German border
Dunkirk Thousands of British and French troops are evacuated across the English Channel by 900 boats - 10 days - saved both armies
Vichy Government French Government after Germany occupied France - puppet government
Lend Lease Act US provided a country with supplies needed to fight Germany - the country would not have to pay the US back immediately
Luftwaffe German Air Force
RAF Royal Air Force - England's Air Force
December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor - Japan attacks the US - Brought the US into the war
"A date which will live in infamy" FDR - Referencing the Attack on Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Commander of the Attack on Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941
The Big Three Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt
The Final Solution Adolf Hitler's plan to eradicate the Jews - 1941
Scorched-earth Policy Russia - burned everything as the Germans advanced
Anti-Semitism Prejudice direct toward Jews - hatred of Jews
Kristallnacht 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed throughout Germany. 25,000 Jewish men sent to concentration camps. November 9, 1938
Operation Overlord D-Day - June 6, 1944 - The Allies invade Europe - Normandy
Battle of the Bulge Last major offensive for the Germans - failed but did cause much devistation
V-E Day Victory in Europe - May 2, 1945 - Germany surrenders
Island Hopping Method used in the Pacific by the Allies to conquer the Japanese
Tokyo Rose 12 Women who were propaganda broadcasters for the Japanese
The Manhattan Project The development of the atomic bomb
Paul Tibbetts Pilot of the plane that dropped the first atomic bomb - August 6, 1945 - Hiroshima
Enola Gay Name of the plane which drop the first atomic bomb
Nagasaki Second japanese city to be destroyed by an atomic bomb August 9, 1945
V-J Day Victory in Japan - August 15, 1945
Executive Order 9066 Ordered all Japanese Americans on the West Coast regardless of age, birthplace, or gender to be moved to internment camps for the duration of the war.
Korematsu v. US Supreme Court case which upheld the internment camps as necessary
War Production Board Established to coordinate production of war materials
Rosie the Riveter" icon of women workers
"Iron Curtain" Winston Churchill
Created by: dperryman