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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian Honors History Ch. 13 Flashcards

What was the Treaty of Hidalgo? This was the treaty that ended the Mexican - American War in 1848. (Pg. 349)
What was Frederick Douglass? He was a Baltimore slave who disguised himself as a merchant sailor and escaped to New York City & became an influential lecturer for the antislavery cause. (Pg. 350)
Who was Sojourner Truth? She was ". . .an African - American abolitionist who was welcomed as a member of the American Anti-Slavery Society." (Pg. 350)
What was the "Free Soil Party"? A political party formed by anti-slavery advocates in 1848. Martin van Buren became their presidential candidate in the 1848 election. (Pg. 351)
How is Harriet Tubman connected to the Underground Railroad system? She was what was known as a "conductor" on the Underground Railroad - "conducting" slaves along routes through American territory made hostile by the fugitive slave law & on to Canada. (Pg. 353)
What provisions did the Compromise of 1850 make where "free" and "slave" states were concerned? California was admitted as a free state. Utah & New Mexico were left open to slavery or freedom (on the principle of popular sovereignty). (Pg. 354, photo caption)
What was the main goal of the Compromise of 1850? To maintain a balance between "free" and "slave" states.
Who were John Deere & Cyrus McCormick? They were inventors who created an improved steel plow (John Deere) and a mechanical reaper (McCormick), which allowed farmers to plant and harvest more crops, improving crop yields & profits. (Pg. 356)
Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe? The author of the book "Uncle Tom's Cabin", a novel which depicted "the darkest inhumanities of southern slavery in the 1st American novel to include African American central characters". (Pg. 357)
What was the Gadsden Purchase? This was the purchase of a strip of land that lay below the New Mexico Territory's border. It was purchased by James Gadsden for the purpose of allowing trains to travel a straight path from "a city in S. California westward". (Pg. 359)
What was the Kansas - Nebraska Act? It let people living in the territories of Kansas & Nebraska decide for themselves whether or not to enter the union as free or slave states.
What was one (1) result of the passing of the Kansas - Nebraska Act? Both Pro and anti - slavery advocates rushed into Kansas to try and effect the outcome of the next election (held after the Act was passes), resulting in violence. (Pgs. 359 & 360)
What does the term "Bleeding Kansas" refer to? This term refers to the violence that erupted after the passage of the Kansas - Nebraska Act.
List two (2) outcomes of the Dred Scott Case. The Supreme Court ruled that: 1.) Slaves who had resided in free states were not entitled to their freedom, and; 2.) African Americans could never be U.S. citizens. (Pg. 364)
Which states joined South Carolina in seceding from the Union in February, 1861? Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana joined South Carolina in the "1st wave of secession". (Pg. 371)
Which states joined Virginia in seceding from the Union in April, 1861? North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas joined Virginia in the "2nd wave of secession". (Pg. 377)
What four (4) slave states did not leave the Union? Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, & Missouri. (Pg. 378)
What did President Lincoln state regarding the main reason war would come (if it did) in his inaugural address? President Lincoln stated that war would begin over secession, not slavery, ". . .for the federal government had the duty to maintain the Union by any means necessary". (Pg. 374)
Created by: sticklerpjpII