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Ch. 8 section 1

Important people, events and places

George Washington 1) became president 04/30/1789 2) created departments under the Executive Branch 3) set up court systems, 4)Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution
Precedents 1) the Inaugural address 2) two terms in office 3) creation of a cabinet 4) foreign policy of neutrality
The Cabinet 1) the State Department - relationships with other countries 2) Department of the Treasury- financial matters 3) Department of War - nation's defense 4) Attorney General - government legal affairs
Thomas Jefferson First secretary of State
Alexander Hamilton First secretary of the Treasury
Henry Knox First secretary of War
Edmond Randolf First attorney general
The first Congress 1) Established the cabinet 2) Postmaster General was established 3) debated about how much power the president should have over the Cabinet 4) president could dismiss Cabinet members without Senate approval
Judiciary Act of 1789 1) established the national legal system - 13 district courts & 3 circuit courts 2) federal courts could reverse state decisions 3) John Jay became Chief Justice of Supreme Court with Senate approval
Bill of Rights 1) 10 out of 12 amendments were approved 2) purpose was to protect the rights of individuals liberties and freedom 3) limits the powers of the government
Alexander Hamilton's plan 1) the government should pay off the debt to the other countries and American citizens 2) national government should pay off the cost of the states' help - thought that this would help the states show strong support for the national government to succeed
Opposition to the Plan 1) Southern states felt they were paying more than their fair share 2) Former bond holders were upset that the speculators that they sold the bonds to were going to be rich
Compromise to the Plan 1) to get the Southern states' support the new capital of the nation would be located in the South 2) Washington D.C. 3) land from Maryland and Virginia
National Bank The National Bank was created by Congress--. Its stockholders were private investors and the national governamnet
Tariffs These were proposed to protect the industry of America. A tariff was placed on goods imported into America.
Taxes A variety of taxes were approved - including one on whiskey
Financial Powers All the policies that were proposed and approved were to give the National Government new financial powers
Created by: mshellabarger