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Spanish American War
|President of the U.S. (1897-1901); a reluctant expansionist, he led America during the Spanish American War. His assassination in 1901 brought "that damn cowboy" Theodore Roosevelt to the presidency.
|the policy of extending a nation's authority over other countries by economic, political, or military domination.
|only Democrat elected to the Presidency from 1856 to 1912; he served two nonconsecutive terms; elected in 1884, losing in 1888, and winning again in 1892. His second term was marred by the Depression of 1893. Cleveland restored the Hawaii Queen to her thr
|this legislation eliminated the duty free status of Hawaiian sugar resulting in increased competition with American sugar manufacturers.
|he was instrumental in overthrowing the Queen of Hawaii with the help of the marines. Cleveland restored the throne to the Queen and would only consider annexation of Hawaii if a majority of Hawaiians favored it which they did not.
|secretary of state, 1861-1869; a dedicated expansionist, he purchased Alaska from Russia, acquired Midway Islands, and tried to buy the Virgin Islands in 1867.
|Alfred T Mahan
|naval officer, writer, teacher, and philosopher of the new imperialism of the 1890's; he stressed the need for naval power to drive expansion & establish America's place in the world as a great power.
|Queen of Hawaii when the marines overthrew her & Sanford Dole headed the government. Cleveland restored her throne and refused to annex Hawaii unless there were a majority of Hawaiians that wanted that.
|King of Hawaii in 1887 who was "strong-armed" by American business leaders. They forced him to amend the constitution, effectively limiting voting rights to only the wealthy landowners.
|1887 U.S military & economic leaders pressured Hawaii to allow the U.S. to build a naval base in the kingdom's best port.
|an economic & social philosophy-holding that a system of unrestrained competition will ensure the survival of the fittest.