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US chapter 15

Reconstruction

QuestionAnswer
What president generally supported Lincoln’s plans for Reconstruction? Andrew Johnson
For what reason was Andrew Johnson impeached? He dismissed a Radical Secretary of war
What were the provisions of the Military Reconstruction Act? South was divided into 5 military districts, each state had to pass the 14th amendment, Each state had to write a new constitution granting universal male suffrage regardless of race
The positive contributions of Radical governments in the South? public school system, universal manhood suffrage, and rebuilding of transportation system
Who was Hiram Revels? the first African American to serve in congress
Why did sharecropping become common in the South during Reconstruction? The South lacked sufficient money to pay wages
In what scandal did Fisk and Gould participate? manipulating the price of gold
Why was Tammany Hall allowed to continue its corruption? Democratic leaders needed its help for votes
What is meant by “waving the bloody shirt”? to blame democrats for the Civil War
What did the Republicans offer Southern Democrats in return for their support in electing Rutherford B. Hayes? the removal of federal troops from the South
first president to be impeached Andrew Johnson
one of the most scandal-ridden administrations in American history Ulysses S. Grant
corrupt leader who defrauded New York City William Tweed
cartoonist who advocated political reform Thomas Nast
eccentric New York newspaper editor who ran against Grant in 1872 Horace Greeley
lawyer who helped to reform corruption in New York City Samuel J. Tilden
victor of the most disputed presidential election in American history Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican minority that wanted to deal harshly with the South Radical Republicans
indictment of a political official by Congress impeachment
Northern Radical who moved South carpetbagger
Southern Radical scalawag
denial of the right to vote disfranchisement
method for freed slaves to farm the land without cash sharecropping
Southerner who wanted to restore white majority rule redeemer
term for political corruption ”Grantism”
Northern Republicans who opposed the Radicals in 1872 Liberal Republicans
Paper money not backed by gold or silver greenbacks
The North’s attempt to rebuild the South Reconstruction
Government agency designed to help freed slaves Freedman’s Bureau
extremist group that opposed Radical Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan
criminal use of funds intended for railroad construction Credit Mobilier Scandal
conspiracy to cheat the government out of excise taxes Whiskey Ring
agreement to remove federal troops from the South Compromise of 1877
unanimous support of the Democratic party in the former Confederacy Solid South
Lincoln’s attempt to reestablish civilian government in the South quickly Ten percent plan
requirement that a majority of voters in each Southern state sign an oath of allegiance Wade-Davis Bill
requirement of Senate consent before a president can dismiss a cabinet member Tenure of Office Act
abolition of slavery Thirteenth Amendment
guarantee of citizen rights Fourteenth Amendment
division of the South into five military districts Military Reconstruction Act
attempt to regulate the conduct of former slaves Black Codes
What term refers to the National government’s attempt to rebuild the South following the Civil War? Reconstruction
Which executive officials were protected by the Tenure of Office Act? Cabinet members
What was the most severe depression in the first one hundred years of American history? Panic of ‘73
Describe the effects that the Military Reconstruction Act had on the South. read page 330
List at least two positive accomplishments of the Radical governments of the South. Then explain why Southerners nonetheless resented those governments. read page 338
What was beneficial about Reconstruction? What aspects of Reconstruction were harmful and way? (25pts on Test) Study notes and reading to answer this essay question
Created by: CoachSimpson
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