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Us History Ch 18-19

More terms

Berlin crisis Stalin blocked incoming resources to West Berlin to try and force his own control. Americans and British Airlifted supplies to help residents
38th Parallel Dividing line between North and South Korea
NSC-68 US "strive for victory" in cold war, pressed for offensive and a gross increase ($37 bil) in defense spending, determined US foreign policy for the next 20-30 yrs
Sputnik Soviets launched first artificial Satellite.
Truman Doctrine American aid to Greece and Turkey to stop spread of Communism
United Nations formed at the end of World War II it was designed to promote peace (however at first it was where the US and Soviets competed)
McCarran Act Made it unlawful to plan any action that might lead to establishment of a totalitarian dictatorship in the US
Yalta Conference ( Roosevelt had faith in Stalin’s promises): Divided Germany into occupation zones and Soviets wanted reparation from Germany for the war.
Potsdam Conferences (Truman did not trust Stalin): Agreed that Soviets, Americans, French and Britain would take reparations from their own part of occupied Germany.
Berlin occupation zones East Germany Soviet and West Germany was divided among US (south-east), Britain (North) and French (South-west)
Eisenhower Doctrine US will defend middle east against attack by communist country
Levittown utilized mass production techniques to build inexpensive homes in suburban NY to relieve postwar housing shortage
Beat movement Centered in San Francisco, LA and NY expressed the social and literary nonconformity of artists, poets, and writers
Rock n Roll new music combination of rhythm, blues, country and pop. Mostly black musicians, white audience. Black and white together hailed as American music
Checker’s Speech Richard Nixon Given by Richard Nixon on September 23, 1952, when he was the Republican candidate for the Vice Presidency. Said to have saved his career from a campaign contributions scandal
Interstate Highway Act Building of a nationwide highway network
Arms race started with Us and Russia trying to be the first to produce and H-bomb, became a race to have more weapons
Marshall Plan From the US Secretary of State which suggested aid to European countries (devastated by war) who needed it.
HUAC House Un-American Activities Committee investigated possible communist influence
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Western European nations, US and Canada formed defensive military alliance against Soviet aggression
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