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US History Ch 18-19

Concepts

TermDefinition
Invisible poor Michael Harington’s “The other America” referring to the elderly, uneducated, and low-paid workers - inspired LBJ's "war on poverty”.
White Flight 1950’s middle class white Americans left cities for suburbs
G.I. Bill paid tuition, a years worth of unemployment benefits while looking for job, low interest loans.
Massive retaliation The "new look" defense policy of the Eisenhower administration of the 1950's was to threaten "massive retaliation" with nuclear weapons in response to any act of aggression by a potential enemy
Containment policy by American diplomat in Moscow which was taking measures to prevent extension of communist rule to other countries. Guided Truman’s foreign policy
Cold War conflict between Us and Soviets where they did not confront each other directly but drove policy decisions.
Arms Race- started with Us and Russia trying to be the first to produce and H-bomb, became a race to have more weapons
Planned obsolescence purposely designing products that became obsolete so consumers would have to buy more.
Women’s roles in 1950s glorified in the media as homemakers and mothers.
Baby boom birth rates soared as soldiers came back home
Discretionary income money to buy what you want; not just what you need
Truman vs. MacArthur General MacArthur wanted to take on Communist China directly but Truman rejected plan. MacArthur went behind him and took his ideas to the media and the heads of the Republican Party
Korean War outcomes Stalemate (aggressors pushed back but no change in the two countries). In America increased fear of Communism, Democrats defeated next election and expensive (lives and money).
“Proxy war” Proxy war or proxy warfare is a war that results when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly
“Iron Curtain” Winston Churchills phrase which meant the Division of Europe from Communist (Russia) control
Brinkmanship policy of Eisenhowers secretary of state Dulles, which promised to stop the spread of Communism by any means including the use of Nuclear Weapons
Created by: PLHShistory1