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Origins of U.S. Gov.

What kind of country is the United Sttes?

QuestionAnswer
Basic principle of the American system of government; that government is limited in what it may do, and each individual has certain rights the government cannot take away. limited government
System of government in which public policies are made by officials who are selected by the voters and held accountable to them in periodic elections. representative government
The Great Charter establishing the principle that the power of the monarchy was not absolute in England; forced upon his barons in 1215; and protecting such fundamental rights as trial by jury. Magna Carta
A written grand of authority from the king. charter
A legislative body composed of two houses. bicameral
A legislative body composed of one chamber. unicameral
Refusal to buy or sell an opponent's goods in order to influence their behavior. boycott
Body of fundamental law, setting out the basic principles, structures, processes, and functions of a government and placing limits upon its actions; may be written or unwritten. constitution
Basic principle of government that says the people are the only source of any and all governmental power, that government must be conducted with the consent of the governe. popular sovereignty
Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty. ratification
Document by which the first U.S. government was established after the American Revolution; allowed few important powers to the central government. Articles of Confederation
The group who came together in 1787 to draft the Constitution of the United States. framers
Plan offered at the Constitutional Convention; called for a bicameral legislature in which representation in both houses would be based on population or financial support for the central government. Virginia Plan
An alternative to the Virginia Plan offered at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, differing chiefly in the matter of how states shold be represented in Congress. New Jersey Plan
Agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which the States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based upon a State's population. Connecticut Compromise.
An agreement at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that slaves should be conted as three-fifths of a person for purposes of determining the population of a state. Three-fifths Compromise
An agreement during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 protecting the interests of slaveholders by forbiding Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any State, and, for 20 years, the power to act on the slave trade. Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise.
Those persons who supported the adoption of the Constitution in 1787-178. Federalists
Those persons who opposed the adiption of the Constitution in 1787-1788. Anti-Federalists
Created by: Mr. Marfy
 

 



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