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MESOAMERICA VOCAB

TermDefinition
VITAL extremely important
ADAPT change to survive in the surrounding environment
GLACIER huge sheet of ice
MESOAMERICA Meso comes from the Greek word for “middle”. The region includes lands stretching from Valley of Mexico to Costa RIca in Central America
SOUTH AMERICA One of the 7 continents. Located South of North America
OLMEC Started the FIRST complex civilizations around 1500 BCE. Present day Vera Cruz, Mexico. Lasted about 800 years.
MAYA Built a civilization in the rainforests of the Yucatan Peninsula and used their central location, southern Mexico and Central America , to trade with canoes.
INCA Civilization built in the Andes Mountain ranges of present day Peru. Built the biggest Empire in the ancient Americas.
AZTEC Warlike nomads arrived in the Valley of Mexico in 1250 ACE and built their own kingdom. The king was the top of the Aztec empire and claimed that they are descendants of gods.
CARIBOU Large Deer
TEOTIHUACAN One of the first planned cities built by the maybe the the Toltec. No one is quite sure. it is know as “Place of the Gods”
TENOCHTITLAN Aztec city, "Place of Prickly Pear Cactus”, was a city-state on an island in Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico. Founded in 1325, it became the seat of the growing Aztec Empire in the 15th century, until it was captured by the Spanish in 1521.
HONDURAS was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya
YUCATAN PENINSULA Located in MesoAmerica. Body of land surrounded by water on three sides.
MONOPOLY sole rights, complete control over a product.
CONTINENT Large land mass of which there are 7 in the world.
TRADE ROUTE the path a civilization would use to exchange goods
TRADING EMPIRE Main source of wealth is through trade
ECONOMY Jobs that support a civilization
SOCIAL Culture, games, food, religion
POLITICAL Government, army, King, Queen
ENVIRONMENT The world around you.
PACHACUTI Son of the eighth Incan King. He became King and expanded the Incan Empire. He built Machu Picchu. Center for celebrations and ceremonial gatherings
EMPIRE An extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress
GOVERNMENT How a civilization is run. We are a Democracy in the United States.
PETEN Mayan word for ‘flat region’ located in present day Guatemala
ASTRONOMER Studies the the stars and heavens
ARCHEOLOGIST an anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture
AQUEDUCT a conduit or artificial channel for conducting water from a distance, usually by means of gravity. a bridgelike structure that carries a water
Created by: mj04706
 

 



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