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19&20 Vocab

Wh vocab

Enclosure Movement A law that allowed fencing off of common lands forcing people to move to town
Capital Supply of money
Entrepreneurs Someone interested in new business opportunites
Cottage Industry Tasks done by individuals at home
Puddling Coke derived from coal burns away impurities from crude iron to produce high quality iron
Industrial Capitalism An economic system based on industrial production
Socialism Society owns and controls the means of production
Conservatism A political philosophy based on tradition and social stability favoring obedience to political authority & organized religion
Principles of intervention Idea that great powers have the right to send armies into countries where there are revolution
Liberalism A political philosophy based largely on enlightenment principle, holding that people should be as free as possible from government restraint and that civil liberties-the basic rights of all people- should be protected
Universal Male Suffrage The right of all males to vote in elections
Multinational State A state where many nationalities live
Congress of Vienna A group of leaders who made the final peace settlement
German Confederation 38 independent german states
Militarism reliance on military strength
Emancipation the act of setting free
Abolitionism a movement to end slavery
Secede withdraw
Regime the government in power
Unification the act, process, or result of making into coherent of coordinated whole, the state of being unified
Romanticism An intellectual movement that emerged at the end of the eighteenth century in reaction to the ideas of the enlightenment; it stressed feelings, emotion, and imagination as sources of knowing
Secularization indifference to or rejection of religion or religious consideration
Organic Evolution The principle set forth by Charles Darwin that every plant or animal has evolved, or changes, over a long period of time from earlier, simpler forms of life to more complex forms
Natural Selection The principle set forth by Charles Darwin that some organisms are more adaptable to the environment than others; in popular terms, “survival of the fittest”
Realism Mid-nineteenth century movement that rejected romanticism and sought to portray lower-and middle class life as it actually was
Assembly Line pioneered by henry ford in 1913, a manufacturing method that allowed much more efficient mass production of goods
Mass Production production of goods in quantity usually by machinery
Bourgeoisie the middle class, including merchants,industrialists, and professional people
Proletariat The working class
Dictatorship A form of government in which a person or small group has absolute power
Revisionists A marxist who rejected the revolutionary approach, believing instead in evolution by democratic means to achieve the goal of socialism
Financer one who deals with finance and investment on a large scale,one who specializes in raising and expending public monies
Transition the move toward one form,stage, or style to another
Feminism the movement for women’s rights
Suffrage The right to vote
Literacy The ability to read
Ministerial Responsibility The idea that the prime minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislative body and not to the king or president
Duma The Russian legislative assembly
Modernism a movement in which writers and artists between 1870 and 1914 rebelled against the traditional literary and artistic styles that had dominated European cultural life since the Renaissance
Social Darwinism Theory used by Western nations in the late nineteenth century to justify their dominance;it was based on Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection,”the survival of the fittest” and applied to modern human societies
Psychoanalysis A method by which a therapist and patient probe deeply into the patient’s memory; by making the patient’s conscious mind aware of repressed thoughts, healing can take place
Pogroms Organized persecution or massacre of a minority group
Zionism An international movement originally for the establishment of a jewish national homeland in Palestine and later for the support of modern Israel
Created by: Sberge19



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