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Chap. 6

Bicameral Composed of two legislative bodies
Cencus A period count of the population
Constituent A person whom a member of Congress has been elected to represent
Gerrymander To draw a district's boundaries to gain an advantage in elections
Majority party In both The House Of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong
Minority party Standing committee A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
Standing Committee Permanent committee that continues work from session to session in its Congress
Seniority Years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
Expressed powers Powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
Implied powers Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
Elastic clause The part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers
Impeach A legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office
Writ of Habeas Corpus A writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
Bill of Attainder A legislative act finding a person guilty of treason or felony without a trial
Ex Post Facto Law A law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
Franking privilege A benefit allowing members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free
Lobbyist Someone who tries to persuade legislators to vote for bills that the lobbyists favor
Casework The work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
Pork-Barrel project A government project and grants that primarily benefit the home district or state
Joint resolution A resolution passed by both houses of Congress which becomes legally binding when signed by the chief executive
Special Interest Group An organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
Filibuster A tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
Cloture A rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
Voice vote A method in which House or Senate members call out "Aye" or "No" and the Speaker determines which side has the most voice votes
Standing Vote When members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill
Roll-Call vote Each members name is called individually
Veto Refusal to sign a bill or resolution
Pocket Veto The President's power to kill a bill, if Congress in not in session by not signing it for 10 days
Created by: abdieldeleon