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Power in America

Power in America Content Vocabulary

Missouri Compromise A compromise is when two sides give up something that they each want in order to reach an agreement. The Missouri Compromise allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state along with Maine as a free state.
The three-fifths compromise A compromise between the North and the South. It outlined the process for states to count slaves as part of the population in order to determine representation and taxation in the federal government. Every 5 slaves would count as 3 people.
The Great Compromise The Great Compromise consisted of the idea of proportional representation in the House of Representatives and equal representation of the states in the Senate.
Legislative branch The Legislative Branch is the part of the government that writes up and votes on laws, also called legislation. The Legislative Branch in the USA is also called the Congress.
Executive branch The Executive Branch in government is responsible for enforcing the law. The leader of the Executive Branch is the President of the United States.
Judicial branch The government interprets laws as they are made or revised. It is made up of judges and courts. The judges are not elected by the people like the president and members of congress. They are appointed by the president and then confirmed by the Senate.
Amendments A formal or official change made to a law, contract, constitution, or other legal document.
Constitution A set of rules or principles that a government follows. It is the highest form of law in the country. The Constitution creates the branches of government and gives them the power to govern. It is the source of all individual rights in the USA.
States’ Rights The political powers reserved for the U.S state governments according to the U.S Constitution. Some laws are left to the states to pass and enforce.
Interstate Commerce Trade, business, movement of goods or transportation from one state to another regulated by the federal government.
The Bill of Rights The Bill of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution. The idea behind the Bill of Rights was to make sure certain freedoms and rights were given to the citizens of America.
Articles of Confederation It was the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain. It was replaced by the Constitution in 1787.
representatives People chosen to speak or act on behalf of others in the state government
balance of power Distribution of power between the three branches of government
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