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Chapter 8 History

The Constitution- Connected McGrawHill

Where does the process of amending the Constitution begin? 1st: Formal proposal of an amendment requires 2/3 vote 2nd: Ratification of an amendment requires 3/4 of states
What is the term limits for the Judicial Branch? life time appointment
What is the term limits for the Legislative Branch? senate (6yrs.); house of representatives (2yrs.)
What is the term limits for the Executive Branch? president (4yrs.); maximum of 2 terms
What is the court's opinion? The supreme court's decision in a case
How many principals is the Constitution based on? 7
What are checks and balances? maintains a balance in the power of the 3 branches
What must an immigrant agree to before becoming a citizen? - loyalty to the US; must obey the laws, pay taxes, sit on a jury if called & males register for draft - can have the right to vote (which is strongly recommended)
What is the purpose for the Bill of Rights? guarantees basic freedoms and liberties for all citizens
When does the federal govt. reassign each states share of seats in the House of Representatives? every 10 years (known as a census)
What is the main job of the Judicial Branch? rules on most difficult legal questions; power of judicial review
What is the main job of the Legislative Branch? makes laws and declares war
What is the main job of the Executive Branch? carries out laws, negotiates treaties with other countries
What happens if a state law contradicts a federal law? the federal law prevails
Can the govt. limit citizens' rights if public health and safety are at risk? yes
Created by: cstudy135