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Latin America

TermDefinition
Pacific Ocean an ocean bordered by the American continents, Asia, and Australia: largest ocean in the world
Gulf of Mexico an arm of the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the U.S., Cuba, and Mexico
Caribbean Sea a part of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by Central America, the West Indies, and South America
Sierra Madre two parallel mountain chains in Mexico, bordering the central plateau on the ease and west, and extending SE into Guatemala
Panama Canal waterway across the Isthmus of Panama; connects the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean; built by U.S. from 1904 to 1914 on territory leased from Panama
Andes Mountains a mountain range on the west coast of South America
Atacama Desert an arid region in north Chile
Amazon River a river in South America, flowing from the Peruvian Andes through Brazil to the Atlantic Ocean; the largest river in the world in volume of water carried
Mexico a republic in North America
Panama a republic in Central America
Colombia a republic in South America
Venezuela a republic in South America
Brazil a republic in South America
Bolivia a republic in South America
Cuba a republic in the Caribbean, south of Florida; largest island in the West Indies
Haiti a republic in the West Indies occupying the west part of the island of Hispaniola
Smog smoke or other atmospheric pollutants combined with fog in an unhealthy or irritating mixture
Deforestation the process of clearing forests, selling the timber, and using the cleared land for other purposes
Arable farmable; a description applied to land that is capable of being farmed
Urban referring to cities
Natural Resources the natural wealth of a country, consisting of land, forests, mineral deposits, water, etc
Exports goods sold to other countries
Service Jobs that involve providing services to people rather than products
Communist describes a government that owns or controls most farms and businesses
Blackouts times when all electricity to a region is cut off
Mulattoes in Latin America, people whose ancestors were both African and European
Mestizos in Latin America, people whose ancestors were both European and Native American
Santeria a Cuban religion based on African traditional beliefs
Latin America countries of Central and South America and the Caribbean having Spanish or Portuguese as their primary language
Literate able to read and write
Literacy Rate the percentage of a country's people who can read and write
Illiteracy Rate the percentage of a country's people who cannot read and write
Standard of Living a grade or level of subsistence and comfort in everyday life enjoyed by a community, class, or individual
Unitary a form of government in which a central government operates all levels of government in a country
Confederate a form of government based on a voluntary agreement under which separate countries work together
Federal form of government in which power is divided between a central government and small divisions, such as states
Autocratic a government with a single ruler with unlimited power
Oligarchic a government that is ruled by a few
Democratic government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system
Representative Democracy a democratic form of government in which the citizens elect representatives to make government decisions
Direct Democracy a democratic form of government requiring a vote by all citizens for every government decision
Tenochtitlan the capital of the Aztec empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City
Nahuatl Aztec language
Conquistador Spanish conqueror
Cusco a city in Peru; ancient Inca ruins
Quechua the Inca language
Viceroy Spanish governor of conquered American lands
Indigenous Population the first people known to inhabit an area
Columbian Exchange the moving of animals, plants, people, and diseases between the Old New Worlds
Cuban Missile Crisis a tense time in 1962 when nuclear war seemed possible after the Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba and the United States demanded their removal
Zapatistas a group of Mexicans support improved rights and living conditions for Mexico's indigenous people
Created by: eraley
 

 



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