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Immig & Urban (Ex1)

Immigration People coming to the U.S. to settle.
Urbanization Development of cities.
How Immigration and Urbanization affected the U.S: 1. Changed the country in fundamental ways (brought 50 million people into this country). 2. Showed the U.S. was becoming a more complex and diverse society. 3. Increasing population alarmed the middle class.
New Stock immigrants 2nd wave to come to the U.S. in the 1870's. 1. Seemed really weird Southern and Eastern Europe. 2. Didn't speak English and had weird last names. 3. There were many of them, more than 50 million
Motivations of New Stock immigrants 1. To escape economic hardship 2. To escape political and religious persecution, wanted to be able to worship whomever they wanted. 3. American policy -until the 1880's- Americans welcomed immigration. 4. American mystique -land of opportunity
Steps to get into the U.S. 1. Screening and Processing - Fed.Gov. set up processing centers; Ellis island being one. 2. Can't be a criminal 3. Have to be healthy (20% didn't make it in)
NE part of the U.S. Place where most New Stock immigrants settled in neighborhoods with their own kind
Birds of Passage Term for immigrants who went back to their native country and back to the U.S., 1/3 of pop were this.
Backlash 1. Americans believed New Stock immigrants were taking their jobs. 2. Made it harder to form labor unions 3. Thought they were bringing down the country, immigrants seen as losers
William Ripley Wrote "The Faces of Europe 1899", dumbest least capable immigrants.
Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 No chinese allowed in the country
Immigration Act of 1917 If you want to come to America you have to be literate and desirable.
National Origins Act 1924 Establish a quota system for each country.
"How the Other Half Lives" Written by Jacob Riis, took photos and talked about immigration conditions,
Disease Lots of people living together caused disease; horse manure did as well (1 acre of 170 ft deep).
Urban Political Machines Small group of men led by the boss who ran and exploited a city - similar to the mafia - wanted to make profit from the city.
The Boss 1. Wielded power from behind the scenes, can get things done. 2. Not a dictator, more like a power broker. 3. Lifespan limited, only bosses for 6-7 years, makes too many enemies, can't get things done easily.
3 Groups supported Urban Political Machines 1. Poor people: before the govt. was helpful, they went to UPM to get help. 2. Some legitimate business men: corrupt political business men. 3. Illegitament business men: could make a deal with UPM
Middle class 1 group of people who brought down UPM because they hated it.
Created by: FaithRaquel2015