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Gilded Age

TermDefinition
Gilded Age (1865-1890) An era full of corruption, Efforts to clean up the corruption (people saw the corruption), Neither political party dominated (equal number of republicans & democrats)
Democrats South
Republicans North
Agreements made by Republicans: 1. An emphasis on big business & commerce (engine that drove society-not farming) 2. High tariff, tax on imported goods to protect American companies from foreign competition 3. Moral authority, government promote morality (ban drinking & prostitution)
Groups of people who were Republicans: 1.Union Civil War Veterans 2. Black Americans 3. Business Men 4. Professionals 5. Protestants
Democrats agreed on: 1. Wanted low tariff - cheap & easy for products to come in, the more foreign competition, the lower prices 2. White Supremacy 3. States should have the most of the power; answer to the people.
Who joined the Democratic party: 1. Southern Whites 2. Workers - the common man 3. Immigrants - usually blue collar 4. Roman Catholic - usually poor
Why did 3rd parties develop? Dealt with issues Republicans & Democrats didn't want to talk about, talked about issues before anyone else did.
3rd Political Party Mugwumps (were tired of the corruption in the government).
Grangers Helped Farmers
Greenbackers Wanted to put money into circulation.
Types of political corruption 1. The machine: small group of men who controlled each party, made the decisions 2. Straight ticket voting: have to vote for either all dems or all repubs, could not split vote. 3. Spoils system: reoccuring political supporters with government jobs.
Republican Factions Were at war with itself. 1. Half Breeds - led by James Blaine 2. Stalwarts - led by Roscoe Conkling Both hate eachother. If you wanted to be a political leader you had to have both groups support you.
Civil Service Reform Providing government with job protection.
Rutherford Hayes (1877-1881) Good direct man, fought in the civil war; did not like the spoils system -wanted civil service reform- did not have a list of political power; 1st president to talk about the issue
James Garfield (1881) Republican, good decent man from Ohio. Fought in the civil war and was also a preacher. Did not like being president -favored civil serivce reform. Was shot and later died of an infection from the bulllet wound.
Chester Arthur (1881-1885) Finished Garfield's term. He was corrupt but straightened up when he became president. Worked with congress to pass the Pendleton Act - began the process of ending the spoils system.
Created by: FaithRaquel2015