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American Revolution

The American Revolution and The Enlightenment

QuestionAnswer
What was The Enlightenment? This refers to a revolutionary change in thinking characterized by the belief that man is fundamentally good and the valuing of common sense, inventiveness, wit, patriotism, and a focus on practical matters of the here-and-now.
What was The Enlightenment also known as? The Age of Reason
When (which century) was most characteristic of The Enlightenment in America? 1700s
Which document first named this country as The United States of America? The Declaration of Independence
What are the three "unalienable rights" listed in the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence? life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
According to the Declaration of Independence, what is the purpose of government? to secure the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness for the people
According to the Declaration of Independence, when should a government be abolished? when the government becomes destructive of the people's rights (when it fails to protect the people's rights)
Who drafted the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
What major issue was conspicuously not mentioned in either the Declaration of Independence or the US Constitution? Slavery
What is a slave narrative? This is an account about life as a slave from someone told by someone who experienced it first-hand.
Who was Olaudah Equiano? Equiano was a former slave who wrote about his experiences in one of the first published slave narratives. His autobiography, published in two books, and gave a voice to the people suffering under the evils of slavery and helped raise public awareness.
What was the Middle Passage? This was the passage of African people aboard slave ships from Africa to Islands in the Caribbean or to America. Conditions for the people being forced into slavery were horrible.
According to the Declaration of Independence, who are its facts being submitted to? "a candid world" (openly to the whole world)
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence? The main purpose was to openly declare to the world that the United States of America was separating completely from Great Britain and becoming its own nation. It also explained the just reasons for this separation.
What is an aphorism? a saying with a message (often a universal truth or bit of advice) presented in a unique, often clever and/or witty way
By what pen name did Benjamin Franklin sign letters he wrote for his brother's newspaper? Silence Dogood
How old was Ben Franklin when he retired from his career as a printer? 42
What is an autobiography? a story about a person's life written by that person.
What was Benjamin Franklin seeking to accomplish with the morality experiment he describes his autobiography. He was seeking to be morally perfect AND to scientifically test whether or not it could be accomplished.
Silence, order, frugality, and humility are some of the ____________________ that Franklin felt he needed to master if he was going to be morally perfect. virtues
Did Ben Franklin succeed in becoming morally perfect? No, he did not.
How does Ben Franklin's "The speckled axe is best" analogy fit his morality experiment? Like the man who decided that "the speckled axe is best" because it was too much work to get it completely shiny, Franklin realized that it was too difficult to be morally perfect, but he was a better and happier man than he otherwise would have been.
Which virtue gave Ben Franklin the most trouble? Order
What was ironic about Thomas Jefferson's death? He died exactly 50 years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence (to the day), a document that he wrote. Ironically, his friend John Adams, who helped to edit the Declaration, died the same day.
Where was Olaudah Equiano born? West Africa (Benin). He was the son of a tribal elder.
What are "charged words"? These are words that are intended to bring out an emotional response.
When was the Declaration of Independence signed? July 4, 1776
According to our text book, approximately how many Africans were taken into slavery and shipped to the Americas or to islands in the Caribbean. 15 million
Who wrote the line "These are the times that try men's souls"? Thomas Paine
What was the purpose of Thomas Paine's essay "The Crisis, Number One"? He was trying to encourage all colonists to join in the war against the British.
What is an epistle? an essay in the form of a letter that is intended to be published for a wide audience
Who first referred to the United States as a "melting pot"? Michel-Guillaume Jean de CrÄ—vecoeur
What work of literature was Michel-Guillaume Jean de CrÄ—vecoeur best known for? Letters from an American Farmer, a book of epistles that chronicled his experiences in America
What was "the Federalist"? A series of essays published in three New York newspapers that helped explain to Americans, particularly New Yorkers, the principles outlined in the proposed U.S. Constitution; they helped get the Constitution ratified.
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the U.S. Constitution? The Bill of Rights was added to assure the individual rights of citizens and prevent the central government from having too much power over the individual. Most states refused to ratify the Constitution until it was added.
Who presented the fiery "Speech in the Virginia Convention" which ended with the line, "Give me liberty or give me death!"? Patrick Henry
What was the name of Thomas Paine's pamphlet that was published in January 1776 and argued the logic behind America fighting for independence? Common Sense
Created by: MrReise