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Social Studies Test

Chapter 8 Study Guide: Facing Slavery pages 76-85

What/Who are Enslaved Africans? Africans forced on slave ships, taken to America, and have to work for no pay
What is a Dilemma? A situation where you dont/ do like the options
What is the Middle Passage? A voyage where slave ships took across the atlantic ocean from Africa to America
What is Slave Action? A sale in which slaves were sold to owners who bid the most
What is a Plantation? A large farm where cash crops were grown
What crops were grown on Plantaions? Corn, tobacco, indigo, rice
Who/What is an Overseer? The person who watched the slaves work.
What could an Overseer do to a slave? Punish them if they misbehaved
How were West Africans alike? They told stories, sang songs, whole family lived close by, shared same jobs
What were some of the jobs West Africans had that made them all alike? Miners, farmers, craftsmen, traders
How were West Africans different? Spoke different languages and some lived in small villeges while others lived in big cities
Why did Europeans enslave Africans? They needed workers to work on plantations
What were some of the goods that Europeans were trading West Africans in exchange for slaves? Guns, rum, cloth, tobacco
What are the two different ways that West Africans responded to the demand for slaves? Some traded to get slaves from a different group, while others simply refused to trade
What happended during the first stage of the slave? Slaves had to walk from their community to the coast of Africa, by walking throuh the Sahari Desert, it took 8 months
What did the Europeans do to the slaves if the slave ships didnt arrive yet? Chained then up and locked them in prisons
What happended during the second stage of the slave trade? Slaves were transportated to the ships and taken to America by travelling across the Atlantic Ocean
In what ways did Africans resist enslavement aboard the slave ships? They either attacked the crew, jumped overboard, didn't eat
What belif did the slaves have once they jumped overboard? That once they died, their souls would return to Africa
What is the name of the ship that successfully? What is the name of the leader? What yesr did this event take place in? The Amistead; Joseph Cinque; 1834
What happened during the third stage? When the slaves arrived at America, sold at a slave auction, and immediatly sent to work
What was life like for slaves once they arrived in America? Overseer yelling in language they didnt understand, they resisted, they werent being paid for work, punished badly, had their names changed to Christian names, worked in hot weather for 16 ours, taken from families
Created by: Rclaxton1
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