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HF #1-68 7th Grade

requires that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government. 4th Amendment
protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self-incrimination); bans double jeopardy; and guarantees that no person will suffer the loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. 5th Amendment
guarantees the right to a speedy public trial by an impartial jury; the right to a lawyer; the right to cross examine witnesses; and the right to force witnesses at a trial to testify. 6th Amendment
guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil suits. 7th Amendment
prohibits cruel and unusual punishment an excessive bail or fines. 8th Amendment
states that the people have rights other than those specifically mentioned in the Constitution. 9th Amendment
states that powers not given to the federal government belong to the states. 10th Amendment
Abolished Slavery 13th Amendment
Guarantees citizenship and rights to all people born or naturalized in the United States. 14th Amendment
Guarantees the right to vote to all citizens regardless of race. 15th Amendment
The__________, signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler by practicing due process. Magna Carta
The _________created two houses of Congress. One based on population, the other gave equal representation to each state. Great Compromise
This Amendment states that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition. 1st Amendment
This Amendment ​ guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms 2nd Amendment
This Amendment forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes 3rd Amendment
is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them. Republic
was a document written by Thomas Jefferson on July 4, 1776. It declared the colonies independence from England. Declaration of Independence
is a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them. Representative Government
is an economic theory that a country’s strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country. Mercantilism
is the refusal to obey a government law or laws as a means of passive resistance because of one’s moral conviction or belief. Civil Disobedience
Legislative Branch, Judicial Branch, and Executive Branch Three Branches of Government
Is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. Checks and Balances
is the sharing of power between the states and the national government. Federalism
means to change Amend
means to approve by vote Ratify
is the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws passed by Congress and determine whether they are constitutional or not Judicial Review
This was the first American constitution. It was a very weak document that limited the power of the Congress by giving states the final authority over all decisions. Articles of Confederation
This sets out the structure and principles of the government of the United States. This document was written in 1787. Constitution of the United States
This is the first ten amendments to the Constitution and details the protection of individual liberties. Bill of Rights
He is considered to be the "Father of the Constitution". James Madison
Cruel and unjust government. Tyranny
The idea that political authority belongs to the people. Popular Sovereignty
Rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are some of those rights. Unalienable rights
The right to vote Suffrage
consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in a legislature. Bicameral
The first shots of the Civil War were fired at_________ Fort Sumter, in South Carolina
___________is the belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Manifest Destiny
Texas was annexed in ___________ by the United States. This was one of the causes of war with Mexico. 1845
The __________________________________ended the Mexican War. The US gained land through the Mexican Cession. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
He wrote the Declaration of Independence; became the 3rd President of the United States and purchased the Louisiana territory from France in 1803, doubling the size of the United States. Thomas Jefferson
This war was fought from 1861-1865. Civil War
This is the theory that states had rights that the federal government could not violate and that states could nullify federal laws. States' Rights
This is a tax on imported goods brought into a country. tariff
This is a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of the whole country. sectionalism
He was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis
This was a Supreme Court decision that said slaves were property and not citizens. Dred Scott v. Sanford
She was an escaped slave who became a Conductor on the Underground Railroad and helped over 300 slaves to freedom in the North. Harriet Tubman
He was the 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended. Abraham Lincoln
He was the general of the Confederate Army. Robert E. Lee
He was the general of the Confederate Army. Ulysses S. Grant
This historical figure helped fuel the abolitionist movement in 1852 by writing Uncle Tom's Cabin. The book shines a light on the horrors of slavery. Harriett Beecher Stowe
This battle was the turning point of the Civil War for the North. Confederate troops were forced to retreat and never invade the North again. Battle of Gettysburg
This was a short speech given by Abraham Lincoln to dedicate a cemetery for soldiers who died at the Battle of Gettysburg. It is considered to be a profound statement of American ideals. Gettysburg Address
The capture of this city by the North in 1863 effectively split the Confederacy in two and gave control of the Mississippi River to the Union during the Civil War. Vicksburg, Mississippi
This is the small town in Virginia where Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War. Appomattox Court House
The _________________ ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation Treaty of Paris 1783
________________was the last major battle that ended the American Revolution. Yorktown, Virginia
The ______________ was the turning point of the American Revolution as it gave France a reason to enter the war against Britain. Battle of Saratoga
The ____________________ ended the French and Indian War and effectively kicked the French out of North America. Treaty of Paris 1763
The successful use of the steamboat by ________________revolutionized transportation and trade in the United States. Robert Fulton
_________________was the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place. Industrial Revolution
______________ is the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation. Free Enterprise
The _______________ was a campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol. Temperance Movement
__________________was the bloodiest single day battle of the Civil War, halting the first Confederate attack on Northern soil. Lincoln declared the battle a victory and issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Antietam, Maryland
_____________________ was meant to help heal and restore the country after four years of Civil War. Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
_____________________stated that, "no state...can lawfully get out of the Union", but pledged there would be no war unless the South started it. Lincoln's First Inaugural Address
Abraham Lincoln issued the_______________ on January 1, 1863, setting all slaves in the Confederate states free. Emancipation Proclamation
A former slave who became the best known black abolitionist in the country. He is known for being a great speaker. Frederick Douglass
Created by: Mrs. O'Donovan



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