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Industrial Rev.-Imperialism Flash Cards - Christian M

QuestionAnswer
The Industrial Revolution took place in _____________ and ________________. Europe and America.
Where did manufacturing take place before the Industrial Revolution? In homes or small cottage shops.
List four industries strongly influenced by the Industrial Revolution. -Iron Production industries -Textile industries -Communication industries -Banking industries
What sort of new engine provided power for the Industrial Revolution? The steam engine.
Who were the Luddites? People who opposed against the use of new machine production because they eliminated PEOPLE'S jobs (they would sometimes destroy machines to try to stop the industrial revolution)
Why did England become the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution? It had a stable society with colonies and had many amounts of iron
What role did England’s colonies play in that country’s Industrial Revolution? They provided raw materials and markets
What are textiles? Cloth and clothing manufacturing
What freedom did workers give up in moving from a cottage industry in textiles, to factory produced textiles? Before the Industrial Revolution people had their own working hours and conditions
Who invented a cheap method for making steel? Henry Bessemer
What were two major improvements in transportation during the Industrial Revolution? The steamship and the steam locomotive
Which class benefited from the Industrial Revolution the most? The middle and upper classes
What was the century during which the Industrial Revolution began? 18th Century
What was the skill level of the average worker before and after the Industrial Revolution? Before- High skill for completing the job from start to finish After- Low skill for completing parts of the job
Where was most work done before and after the Industrial Revolution? Before- shops and homes After- factories (mostly)
What material was used for fuel before and after the Industrial Revolution? Before- wood fuel (mostly) After- coal fuel (mostly)
Who or what set the pace of work before and after the Industrial Revolution? Before- the worker, according to their own needs After- the pace of the machine the worker is working with
What level of productivity was achieved before and after the Industrial Revolution? Before- low productivity, high prices After- high productivity, mass production
What is industrialization? The process of productivity of a society
What is mechanization? The process of changing work conditions
What is productivity? The process of producing needs
Who invented an improved steam engine that powered the Industrial Revolution? Henry Bessemer
Created by: cam0812
 

 



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