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Industrial Rev.

Flash Cards on Industrial Rev.

The Industrial Revolution took place in _____________ and ________________. Europe and America
Where did the manufacturing occur before the IR? People's Homes
What are 4 industries that strongly influenced by the IR? Iron, Textiles, Communication, Banking, and Transportation Industries
What new engine provided power for the IR? The Steam Engine
Who were the Luddites The People who opposed the use of the new machines because they eliminated people's jobs.
Why did England become the birthplace of the IR? It had deposits of coal, iron, and a stable society with colonies.
What role did England’s colonies play in that country’s IR. They were a source of raw materials and provided a market for England's manufactured goods.
What are textiles? The manufacturing of cloth and clothing
What freedom did workers give up in moving from a cottage industry in textiles, to factory produced textiles? Before the IR people could set their own hours and working conditions
Who invented a cheap method for making steel? Henry Bessemer
Two major improvements in transportation during the Industrial Revolution. The steamship and the steam locomotive
Which class benefited from the Industrial Revolution the most? The middle and upper classes
The century during which the IR began. 18th Century
What was the skill level of the average worker before and after the IR? Highly skilled to low skilled
Where was most work done before and after the IR? Low with high prices to high with mass production
What material was used for fuel before and after the IR? Mostly wood to coal
Who or what set the pace of work before and after the IR? Own Pace to a set pace according to the machine
What level of productivity was achieved before and after the IR? Low to high
What is industrialization? The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services
What is mechanization? The process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery.
What is productivity? The state or quality of producing something, especially crops.
Who invented an improved steam engine that powered the IR? Thomas Newcomen
Created by: vjp1111
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