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Industrial Rev.

Industrial Rev. Flashcards

QuestionAnswer
The Industrial Revolution took place in _____________ and ________________. Europe and America
Where did manufacturing take place before the IR? In peoples homes
List four industries strongly influenced by the IR. Textile,Iron Production,Transportation,Communication and Baking.
What sort of new engine provided power for the IR? The Steam Engine
Who were the Luddites. They were people who opposed the use of the new machines because they eliminated peoples jobs. Luddites sometimes destroyed machines in an attempt to stop the changes of the IR
Why did England become the birthplace of the IR? It had deposits of coal and iron and a stable society with colonies
What role did England’s colonies play in that country’s IR. They were a source of raw material and provided a market for Englands manufactured goods
What are textiles? The manufacturing of cloth and of peoples clothing
What freedom did workers give up in moving from a cottage industry in textiles, to factory produced textiles? Before the IR people could set their ow hours and working conditions
Who invented a cheap method for making steel? Henry Bessemer
Two major improvements in transportation during the Industrial Revolution. The steamship and the steam locomotive
Which class benefited from the Industrial Revolution the most? The middle class and upperclass
The century during which the IR began. 18th
What was the skill level of the average worker before and after the IR? Highly skilled before but after lower skilled
Where was most work done before and after the IR? Workers controlled most aspects of work before but after factory bosses controlled the work
What material was used for fuel before and after the IR? It was wood fuel before then after it was coal
Who or what set the pace of work before and after the IR? People worked on their own pace before but after the pace of work was of the speed of the machine they worked on
Created by: os0426