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Industrialization

IR Flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Where did the IR take place in? Europe & America
Where did manufacturing take place before the IR? In People's homes
List four industries strongly influenced by the IR. Iron production,Textiles,Communication,and Banking
What sort of new engine provided power for the IR? The Steam Engine
Who were the Luddites. They were people who opposed the use of new machines because They eliminated people's jobs
Why did England become the birthplace of the IR? It had deposits of coal and iron and stable society with colonies
What role did England’s colonies play in that country’s IR. They were a source of raw materials and provided a market for England's manufactured goods
What are textiles? The manufacturing of peoples cloth and their clothing
What freedom did workers give up in moving from a cottage industry in textiles, to factory produced textiles? Setting their own work hours and work conditions
Who invented a cheap method for making steel? Henry Bessemer
-Two major improvements in transportation during the Industrial Revolution. The steamship and the steam locomotive
Which class benefited from the Industrial Revolution the most? The middle and the upper classes
The century during which the IR began. the 18th century
What was the skill level of the average worker before and after the IR? Very high
Where was most work done before and after the IR? In people's homes
What material was used for fuel before and after the IR? Before it was wood and after it was water and steam
Who or what set the pace of work before and after the IR? Before they worked at there own pace but after at the pace of the machines
What level of productivity was achieved before and after the IR? Before it was low productivity and after it was high
What is industrialization? The process in which a society or country transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services
What is mechanization? the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery
What is productivity? the state or quality of producing something
Who invented an improved steam engine that powered the IR? James Watt
Created by: Will Early