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chapter 10 vocab

early china vocab

warlord a military commander that controls a limited area
aristocrat a member of the upper class made up of hereditary nobility
ancestor a person that someone is descended from
pictograph a symbol in a writing system based on pictures
ideograph a symbol in a writing system that represents a thing or an idea
bureaucracy a group of non elected government officials
hereditary having title or possession by reason of birth
mandate of heaven the belief that the Chinese kings right to rule came from gods
Dao Chinese system of beliefs which describes the way a king must rule
Confucianism a system of beliefs based on the teachings of Confucius
Daoism a Chinese philosophy concerned with obtaining long life and living in harmony with nature
legalism a Chinese philosophy that stressed the importance of laws
filial piety the responsibility children have to respect obey and care for there parents
censor an official who watches others for correct behavior
currency something such as coins or paper money that is used as a medium of exchange
civil service the administrative service of a government
tenant farmer a farmer who works land owned by someone else and pays rent in cash or as a share of crops
acupuncture an originally Chinese practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points to treat disease or relieve pain



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