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U.S. History Test 1

TermDefinition
new immigrants Southern and Eastern European immigrants who arrived in the U.S. in a great wave between 1880 and 1920
steerage Third class accommodations on a steamship, which were usually overcrowded and dirty
Ellis Island Island in New York Harbor that served as an immigration station for millions of immigrants arriving in the U.S.
Angel Island Immigrants procession station that opened in San Francisco Bay in 1910
Americanization Belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
melting point Society in which people of different nationalities assimilate to for one culture
Name two Push Factors 1. Famine and Wars, 2. Religious and Persecution
Name two Pull Factors 1. Inexpensive land and employment opportunities, 2. Religious freedom
urbanization Expansion of cities and/or an increase in number of people living in them
skyscraper very tall building
Elisha Otis Developed a safety elevator that would not fall if the lifting rope broke
Mass Transit Public transportation systems that carry large numbers of people
Frederick Law Olmsted Landscape engineer who designed Fairmont Park, NYC's Central Park, and similar parks. Designed grounds at Biltmore and UNA
Tenement Multistory building divided into apartments to house as many families as possible
Mark Twain Novelist who satirized American life in his 1873 novel, The Gilded Age. He depicted American society as gilded, or having a rotten core covered with gold paint.
Gilded Age Term coined by Mark Twain to describe the post reconstruction era which was characterized by a fa├žade of prosperity
Mass Culture Similar cultural patterns in a society as a result of the spread of transportation, communication, and advertising
Joseph Pulitzer He started the morning paper, the World. He also published the Evening World. His papers were sensationalistic, filled with exposes of political corruption, comics, sports and illustrations.
William Randolph Hearst He published the Morning Journal that also used the sensational style.
Vaudeville Type of show, including dancing, singing, and comedy sketches, that became popular in the late nineteenth century.
Created by: heather4354