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UNIT 6 TEST 2017

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HIST 11 "Urbanization" Test 2017

What does the term "Progressivism" relate to? "A group of different ideas and activities. It was not a tightly organized political movement . . . rather it was a series of responses to problems in American society." (Pg. 292)
List some of social problems that Progressives tried to solve? Poverty among immigrant populations, alcoholism, crime, and women's voting rights.
What does the term "suffrage" mean? The term means "the right to vote". (Pg. 296)
What was the 17th Amendment related to? This Amendment related to the direct election of Senators by voters. It was passed in 1913. (Pg. 295)
What does the term "prohibition" mean? "Laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol." (Pg. 299)
What was the "Square Deal"? The name given to President Theodore Roosevelt's social reform program. (Pg. 300)
What does Social Darwinism mean? "In international affairs, Roosevelt was a Social Darwinist. He believed the United States was in competition with other nations of the world and that only the fittest would survive." (PG. 300)
What was the Children's Bureau? An agency that investigated and publicized the problems of child labor. This agency still exists today. (Pg. 307)
Who was Jacob Riis? He studied the lives of immigrants who lived in large cities such as New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago. When he saw the poor conditions they were living in, he tried to help them by asking the government to create laws aimed at protecting them. (Pg.
Who was Carrie Chapman Catt? She was the leader of the National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA) in 1915. She attempted to mobilize the suffrage movement in a "final nationwide push" before the mid-term elections of 1918. (Pg. 297)
Who was Upton Sinclair? He wrote a book called "The Jungle" in 1906. The book exposed "appalling conditions in America's meatpacking industry." (Pg. 302)
Who was Gifford Pinchot? He was President Roosevelt's friend and was appointed as the head of the United States forest service in 1905. (Pg. 304)
What was the Hepburn Act? It was intended to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) by giving it the power to adjust railroad rates. (Pg. 302)
What was the Pure Food and Drug Act? This Act prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs. (Pg. 302)
What was the Meat Inspection Act of 1906? It required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce & required the Agriculture Department to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants. (Pg. 302)
What was one (1) difference between President Roosevelt's "New Nationalism" program and Woodrow Wilson's proposed "New Freedom" campaign? Wilson believed that business monopolies needed to be destroyed, not regulated, as President Roosevelt had said. (Pg. 309)
What was the Federal Reserve Act? It created 12 regional banks that were to be supervised by a Board of Governors, who were appointed by the President, to help supervise the banking system. The Board would be responsible to set new interest rates. (Pg. 311)
What is the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)? This group monitors American business and has the power to investigate companies and issue "cease and desist" orders against companies found guilty of "unfair trade practices". (Pg. 311)
What was the Clayton Antitrust Act? It outlawed practices that restricted competition between companies. (Pg. 311)
What does the term "income tax" relate to? "A direct tax on the earnings of individuals." (Pg. 311)
In the video you watched on my teacher's website, "Annexation of Hawaii", what did we learn about how Hawaiians felt about the U.S. taking control & removing the queen from power? Hawaiians were saddened by the loss of their queen, who represented both their government and their traditional culture.
In the video "Annexation of Hawaii", what did Queen Liliuokalani tell her people about attempting any kind of protest against the U.S. government & missionaries who had taken over Hawaii? The Queen told her people not to protest. She also said that the people who had taken over would recognize their mistake and reinstate her as queen.
List two (2) of the four (4) conditions of the Platt Amendment. 1.) Cuba couldn't make treaties that would weaken its independence; 2.) The U.S. would be allowed to lease naval stations in Cuba; 3.) Cuba had to keep its debt low; 4.) The U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuba to protect their independence & order.
What is the definition of "sphere of influence"? "An area where a foreign nation controlled economic development such as railroad construction & mining." (Pg. 276)
What was the "Open Door Policy"? This was U.S. President McKinley and Secretary of State John Hay's idea that all countries would be allowed to trade with China. (Pg. 276)
How does the term "sphere of influence" relate to the Open Door Policy? Secretary of State John Hay sent letters to all countries who had leaseholds in China (i.e. who controlled a piece of China) asking that they allow China to trade with any country they'd like. (Pg. 277)
What was the Boxer Rebellion? The Boxers, along with some Chinese troops, seized control of foreign embassies in Beijing & Tianjin, killing more than 200 foreigners & taking others prisoner. (Pg. 278)
What is a "protectorate"? A situation in which the imperial power allows local rulers to stay in control of their country but they help protect them from rebellion & invasions. (Pgs. 262-263)
Who were William Randolph Hurst & Joseph Pulitzer? They both owned newspapers. Hearst owned a paper called "the World" and Pulitzer owned a newspaper called the "Journal". (Pg. 269)
What does the term "yellow journalism" mean? This relates to "sensationalist" news reporting where writers greatly exaggerated - and even made up - stories with the goal of attracting more readers & selling more newspapers. (Pg. 269)
What does the term "jingoism" mean? The term means "aggressive nationalism". (Pg. 271)
Created by: sticklerpjpII