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9th Grade SS

3e Medieval Europe & 4a Feudal Japan (Regents Prep Question)

Korea greatly influenced the development of early Japan by acting as a bridge for ideas from China
In Japan between 1603 and 1868, the most notable action taken by the Tokugawa Shogunate was the virtual isolation of the country from the outside world
The code of bushido of the Japanese samurai is most similar to practice of chivalry by European knights
Feudal societies are generally characterized by an emphasis on social order
Feudal societies are generally characterized by an emphasis on social order
Feudalism in Western Europe was similar to feudalism in Japan in that power was based on class relationships
Which is a characteristic of a feudal society? rigid class structure
The diagram illustrates the social structure of feudal Japan. This pyramid shows that feudal Japan had (Shogun, Daimyo, peasants, merchants) a well-defined class system
A valid generalization about early Japanese culture is that Japan maintained a uniquely individual culture while borrowing much from other cultures
In Europe during the Middle Ages, increases in trade and commerce resulted in development of towns and cities
During the Middle Ages, Europeans did not eat potatoes or corn because these vegetables had not yet been introduced to Europe from the New World
“All things were under its domain...its power was such that no one could hope to escape its scrutiny.” Which European institution during the Middle Ages is best described by this statement? the Church
The Middle Ages in Western Europe was characterized by the manor system and the importance of land ownership
Feudal societies are generally characterized by an emphasis on social order
In Europe, a long-term effect of the Crusades was an increased demand for goods from the East
The art, music, and philosophy of the medieval period in Europe generally dealt with religious themes
Which statement best describes the result of the Crusades? trade between Europe and the Middle East was expanded
What were two indirect results of the Crusades? trade and commerce increased and the feudal system was weakened
In Europe during the Middle Ages, the force that provided unification and stability was the Roman Catholic Church
Feudalism in Western Europe was similar to feudalism in Japan in that power was based on class relationships power was based on class relationships
Which is a characteristic of a feudal society? rigid class structure
In Europe, the Crusades resulted in an increased demand for goods from the Middle East and Asia
One important effect of the Crusades on Western Europe was that they furthered cultural diffusion throughout Western Europe
In European feudal society, an individual’s social status was generally determined by birth
Which economic system existed in Europe during the early Middle Ages? manorialism
One major result of the Crusades was the spread of Middle Eastern culture and technology to Europe
The growth of feudalism in Europe during the Middle Ages was primarily caused by the collapse of a strong central government
The Crusades have been called “history’s most successful failures.” Which statement best explains this expression? The Crusades did not achieve their original goals, but they brought about many desirable changes in Europe.
The Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages in Europe can best be described as a church that was a stabilizing influence during a period of weak central governments
A major goal of the Christian Church during the Crusades (1096–1291) was to capture the Holy Land from Islamic rulers
feudalism A political system in which nobles are granted use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land.
nobles Wealthy landowners who pledged their loyalty to the king.
lord In feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals.
knights In medieval Europe, an armored warrior who sometimes fought on horseback.
peasants Vast majority of people during Europe's medieval period; often engaged in farming.
serfs A medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord's estate; tied to the land.
chivalry A code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion.
scribe A professional record keeper who could read and write.
three field system A system of farming developed in medieval Europe, in which farmland was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these was successively planted with a winter crop, spring crop, and left unplanted (fallow).
manorialism The economic system of the middle ages; based on self-sufficiency.
self-sufficient Being able to provide for your own needs without help from others; "a self-sufficing economic unit"
plague (Black Death) A deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century, killing millions of people; also know as the Black Death.
Cathedrals Churches built in the Romanesque or Gothic style. They showed religious spirit during Medieval Times.
Crusades 1096 Christian Europe aim to reclaim Jerusalem and aid they Byzantines; 1st success and the rest a failure; weakens the Byzantines; opens up trade.
Holy Land The region of present-day Israel; includes the city of Jerusalem, which is a holy city to Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
Charlemagne 768-843; reunited Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire.
Pope Urban II 1095; calls for the first crusade to recapture Jerusalem
Dante An Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321).
Created by: pieronek



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