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ConstitutionHandbook

The Executive Branch and Judicial Branch

TermDefinition
The president and his duties 1) Chief diplomat 2) Commander in Chief 3) Head of State 4) Legislative leader
President - Chief Diplomat He directs foreign policy, appoints ambassadors, and negotiates treaties.
President - Commander in Chief He uses the military for home crises and crises abroad.
President - Head of State He receives foreign dignitaries and gives honors to deserving Americans.
President - Legislative Leader He proposes laws, sets goals for legislation and works to see that they pass, and delivers the annual State of the Union Address.
The Cabinet and their duties They set government policies for their different departments and are presidential advisers.
The vice president and his duties He serves as President of the Senate. He does what the president wants him to do. For example he may be working with Congress or making trips abroad.
Lower Federal Court - District courts They handle civil and criminal cases under federal jurisdiction. There are 91 district courts with at least one per state.
Lower Federal Court - Appeals courts They review district court decisions and can overturn a verdict or order a retrial. There are 14 appeals courts in the United States.
The Supreme Court There are 9 members of the court and are appointed for life. They have to be approved by a congressional hearing. The leader of the Supreme Court is called the Chief Justice.
The Supreme Court's three tasks 1) They have to decide on which cases to hear among the thousands of appeals each year. 2) They have to decide a case itself. 3) They have to explain the decision that is rendered called the Court's opinion.
Judicial Review It is used to determine whether a law violates the Constitution.
Created by: mshellabarger