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Mr. Stickler's Honors HIST Check In Quiz #9 Flashcards

What was the "American System"? Economic plan James Madison launched in 1815. He asked Congress to correct economic problems that cause the most recent depression & encouraged more states to invest in national transportation systems & internal improvements. (Pg. 255)
What was the "Era of Good Feelings"? Name given for the era directly following the War of 1812. It was called this because of the new spirit of nationalism that arose after the war. (Pg. 254)
What is the importance of the Cumberland Road? The funding for this road was initially disapproved on grounds that it was "federal money going to fund a state program". Eventually, President Madison agreed when he considered the benefits it would bring to national defense & postal services. (Pg. 257)
What was the Tariff of 1816? This was a tax on imported goods like wool and cotton. It's purpose was to help protect American businesses by making the American versions of products containing these two things more affordable. This kept money in America's economy.
What was the outcome of the "McCulloch vs. Maryland" Supreme Court Case? The Supreme Court ruled that states could not impose taxes on federal institutions (such as banks). This established the "necessary and proper clause".
What does the term "Kitchen Cabinet" refer to? This term refers to the informal set of advisers that President Andrew Jackson met with in the kitchen of the White House during his administration. He met with this group of friends and advisers instead of his Cabinet members for advice. (Pg. 275)
What was the "spoils system"? This comes from the Jeffersonian adage "to the victor go the spoils". It applies to President Andrew Jackson's practice of rewarding his loyal supporters for their help by appointing them to newly vacated civil service jobs in his administration. -Pg. 275
What was the Nullification Crises? South Carolina passed the South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification, declaring the "Tariff of Abominations" "null & void" in the state. The crises ended peacefully when S. Carolina withdrew their ordinance after threats of invasion from President Jackson.
What does the Supreme Court case "Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia" relate to? The Cherokee Nation claimed that Georgia did not have the right to pass laws relating to them because they should be considered a "sovereign nation" in a treaty relationship with the U.S. (Pg. 281)
What does the Supreme Court case "Worcester vs. Georgia" relate to? The Supreme Court ruled that the Cherokee Nation was a "distinct political community" recognized by federal authority, so, as a state, Georgian laws that were passed specifically to harass the tribe were null and void. (Pg. 281)
What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830? This law gave the funds necessary to both buy lands that Native American tribes held from them and to pay for their relocation to areas west of the Mississippi River. (Pg. 280)
What was the Missouri Compromise? Name given to the compromise reached when Missouri Territory applied for statehood. To keep the peace between free and slave states (i.e. Northern & Southern), Henry Clay proposed that Missouri be admitted as a slave state & Maine as a free state.
What happened to Louisiana during the Missouri Compromise debates where "free" vs. "slave" states is concerned? It was decided that slavery would be banned forever in the Louisiana Territory above 36 degrees and 30 minutes North latitude. (This line formed Missouri's southern border. This concession helped all parties agree to the Missouri Compromise. (Pg. 268)
What was the Panic of 1819? This was the name given to the period of economic depression that followed the War of 1812. It resulted from the U.S. government terminated its installment payment plan for land & demanded immediate payment from farmers (cash only). (Pg. 264)
Created by: sticklerpjpII