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Middle Ages Vocab

Vocabulary on the Middle Ages

Charlemagne King of the Franks AND the founder of the first empire in western Rome after the fall of Rome
Middle Ages Lasted from 476 AD to approximately 1500. Also called the Medieval period.
Feudalism The POLITICAL system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance and other services.
Manor Land owned by a noble or knight who provided protection in exchange for labor, goods, and money. The ECONOMIC system during the Middlle Ages.
Noble People born into wealthy families. They give land to knights in exchange for military service.
Knight Trained warriors who provide military service.
Peasant/Serf Peasants - Free farmers on a manor Serfs - Worked the land on manors but could NOT leave
Battle of Hastings In the year 1066-The last successful invasion of England. Led by William the Conqueror.
William the Conqueror A noble from Normandy who overthrew the king of England. He was crowned King of England on Christmas day.
Magna Carta The first document that took power from the king and stated that the law was the supreme power in Englad.
Black Death The bubonic plague that killed approximately 1/3 of the European population between 1347-1351.
Pope The highest leader of the Catholic church in Medieval Europe.
Crusades A series of military battles (holy wars) to gain Christian access to Jerusalem. They were fought between the Christians and the Muslims.
Holy Land The area where Jesus lived. Pope Urban II wanted Europe to take back this land from Muslim rule.
Lord A person who gives orders and has power over someone else.
Vassal A person who follows the directions of a lord.
Fief A piece of contracted land exchanged for a service in the feudal system.
Chivalry A code of conduct/behavior, including bravery, loyalty and honesty required by knights.
Cathedral Huge churches, often decorated with stained-glass windows
Clergy Leaders of the church - priests, pope, bishops, ministers
Created by: cbryant13
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