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Great Depression

GEHS US History Great Depression

This is the nickname given for the date of October 29th, 1929, when the U.S. stock market suffered a significant crash. Black Tuesday
Some 20 percent of all banks closed, and wiped out 10 million savings accounts during the Great Depression. Bank Failures
He promised the American people prosperity and attempted to fight the onset of the Great Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community and promoting volunteerism. Herbert Hoover
The president who expanded the size of the federal government, altered its scope of operations,and greatly enlarged presidential powers with his New Deal. FDR
Roosevelt's wife and the most active first lady in history--participated in advising and at times running New Deal programs and the presidency when FDR struggled with polio. Eleanor Roosevelt
Roosevelt's plan for getting out of the depression. (relief, recovery, and reform) New Deal
The university professors who gave advice on economic matters to FDR during the Great Depression. Brain Trust
Banks were closed on March 6th, 1933 to restore public confidence--reopened after FDR had a chance to close banks that were failing. Bank Holiday
The honey-moon period of FDR's presidency (or for that matter any presidency) in which FDR pushed through Congress many of his New Deal programs. Today this term refers to the early months in which a President tries to accomplish his political goals. First Hundred Days
The first woman to ever serve in a president's cabinet--U.S. Secretary of Labor in FDR's cabinet. Frances Perkins
FDR kept his campaign promise and raised needed tax money by having Congress pass the Beer-Wine Revenge Act, which legalized the sale of beer and wine. The ratification of the Twenty-First Amendment repealed the Eighteenth Amendment. Repeal of Prohibition
FDR's radio speeches assuring his listeners that the banks which reopened after the bank holiday were safe. Fireside Chats
Guaranteed individual bank deposits. Part of FDR's New Deal to promote reform of the banking system and provide assurances to the American people that their money was safe. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Directed by Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes, allotted money to state and local governments for building roads, bridges, dams, and other public works. New Deal Program. Public Works Administration
Employed young men between ages 18-25 on projects on federal lands and paid their families small monthly sums. Planted trees, renovated national parks, drained swamps, and worked on conservation projects. First New Deal program. Civilian Conservation Corps
Hired thousands of people in one of the nation's poorest regions, the Tennessee Valley, to build dams, operate electric power plants, control flooding and erosion, and manufacture fertilizer. Tennessee Valley Authority
New Deal program created to regulate the stock market and to place strict limits on the kind of speculative practices that had led to the Wall Street crash in 1929. Still around today. Securities and Exchange Commission
FDR launched a new set of programs in 1935, which concentrated on the other two R's; relief and reform. This was not his First New deal but his . . . Second New Deal
Spent billions of dollars between 1935 and 1940 to provide people with jobs. Built schools, bridges (including the Golden Gate Bridge), parks, and libraries during the Great Depression. 2nd New Deal program! Works Progress Administration
Created a Federal insurance program based upon the automatic collection of payments from employees to employers throughout people's working careers. Targeted to primarily supply the elderly with a pension plan when they retired. The Social Security Act
Retired doctor known for his pension proposal the 'Townsend Plan' during the Great Depression which later influenced FDR to establish the Social Security system. Francis Townsend
Senator from Louisiana known for his program 'Share the Wealth', proposing new wealth distribution through net access tax. Planned to run for president in 1936 but was assassinated in 1935. Huey Long
Federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions from 1935 through 1955. Congress of Industrial Organizations
Act in 1938 that introduced the forty-hour work week, established minimum wage, guaranteed time-and-a-half for overtime and prohibited the employment of minors in oppressive child labor. The basis for our modern working system today! Fair Labor Standards Act
Established in 1938 with the Fair Labor Standards act, ensuring that workers would be paid a minimum of $.25 per hour-- A quarter an hour was the first Federal _______________. Minimum Wage
Parts of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico and Texas that saw large amounts of dry top soil blow away crops in massive dust storms. Left farmers with no money and deeply in debt as they could not produce crops during the worst drought in history. Dust Bowl
Migrant Agricultural workers who were forced to leave Oklahoma during the depression of the 1930s to find work in California. Okies
Story that follows the fortunes of a poor family named the Joads as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California during the Great Depression. John Steinbeck, "The Grapes of Wrath"
Created by: webera