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Seizure Disorders

Types of seizures and seizure disorders.

QuestionAnswer
Tonic-Clonic seizures Tonic=loss of conscousness, stiffening of body with heavy irregular breathing, drooling and possible incontinence. Clonic=alternating rigidity and relaxation of muscles.
Myoclonic-akinetic seizures Myoclonic: brief involuntary jerking (without loss of consciousness). Akinetic: loss of tone.
partial focal seizures Repetitive jerking of L hand, person can still be interactive with their environment.
complex partial or psychomotor seizures Alternations in consciousness and unresponsiveness, with automatic motions such as lip smacking and other nervous motions.
Infantile spasms Also known as West Syndrome, Infantile MyoClonic Syndrome and Jackknife Epilepsy. Characterized with head drop and arm raise, individuals can experience 100s per day. Typically an underlying cause, tuberous sclerosis etc.
Lennax-Gastaut Syndrome severe seizures often resulting in mental disabilities
Landau-KIeffer Syndrome Also referred to as acquired epileptic aphasia. Progressive encephalopathy, decrease in language skills, auditory agnosia (inability to distinguish sound and behavioral disturbances such as inattention.
Simple Fibrile Seizures Symptoms of grand mal seizure that last 10 min or less. Often proceeded by fever-do not damage or progress.
Intervention for seizures: (4 steps) 1. Do not interfere with movement, but DO remove dangerous objects. 2. Guide individual to the floor and loosen clothing. 3.Turn individual on side to prevent choking. 4. DO NOT insert anything in patient's mouth.
Created by: hesselrach