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Peripheral Neuro Dis

Peripheral Neurological Disorders and Diseases

QuestionAnswer
Amyotrophic Lateral Slerosis (ALS) Degeneration of corticospinal tracts and anterior horn cells. Muscle atrophy and weakness distally and asymmetrically. Therapist focuses on secondary symptoms: aspirations, spasticity...
Erb's Palsy UPPER Brachial Plexus Disorder: muscles of shoulder girdle affected. Arm cannot be raised, elbow cannot flex, and weakened protraction/retraction. Elbow flexion splint.
Klumpke's Palsy LOWER Brachial Plexus Disorder: muscles of wrist and hand affected (hand limp with fingers that don't move)
Guillain-Barre Syndrome Recovery STARTS 2-4 weeks after first symptoms - usually ambulatory in 6 months. Polyneuropathy and symmetrical weakness. Loss of deep tendon reflexes & stocking/glove distribution.
Myasthenia Gravis Auto-immune attack to acetylcholine receptors. Progressive disabling process-death usually by respiratory causes. Muscle weakness, especially those of cranial nerves: ptosis (eyelid droop), diplopia, dysarthria, disphagia, etc
Post-Polio Syndrome Degeneration of axon sprouts (15 years post), which recreates muscle weakness.
Acuity Visual Sense: sharpness of vision
Accomodation Visual Sense: optical power according to distance
Prusuits Visual Sense: ability to follow an object with eyes/vision
Saccades Visual Sense: rapid, balistic eye movement
Created by: hesselrach