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Neuroanatomy Review

Review of cerebral structures and umn and lmn involvement

Frontal Lobe: Precentral, Prefrontal, Premotor Precentral - Primary motor cortex, Prefrontal - Controls emotions/judgement, Premotor - Related to the planning of movement
Parietal Lobe: Postcentral Postcentral - Primary sensory cortex
Temporal Lobe: Primary Auditory, Associative Auditory, Wernicke's area Primary Auditory- Receives/Processes auditory info, Associative Auditory - secondary auditory processor, Wernicke's area - language comprehension (receptive)
Occipital Lobe: Primary Visual, Visual Association Primary Visual - Receives/Processes Visual stimuli, Visual Association - secondary
Upper motor neuron involvement Spinal cord and superior structures increase deep tendon reflex, spasticity, clonus, primitive reflexes, autonomic disreflexia, flaccidity
Lower motor neuron involvement Anterior horn to muscle: flaccidity, decrease deep tendon reflexes, atrophy
Created by: hesselrach