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Vision Deficits

Common vision deficits/loss with aging

QuestionAnswer
Presbyopia Inability to focus. Loss of elastic lens.
Cataracts Clouding of lens. General then peripheral loss. Interventions should include introducing objects/papers from the sides and WITHOUT direct lighting.
Glaucoma Increased intraocular pressure. Degeneration of optic disc and nerve. Tunnel vision then blindness.
Macular Degeneration Loss of central vision. Difficulty adjusting to light and dark - may progress to total blindness.
Diabetic Retinopathy central vision loss/blurriness. Complete vision loss is RARE.
Vision loss implications for OT Stand in front of and at eye level. Use warm colors (red, orange, yellow).
Created by: hesselrach