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FWTL Definitions

TermDefinition
Columbus Arrives the beginning of European exploration and colonization of the New World
Plessy v. Ferguson declared racial segregation in public facilities (schools, public transportation, etc.) IS protected by the Constitution
Cold War the long-standing tension between the U.S. & the U.S.S.R. that never quite became a full war
James-Town Established the first "successful" English colony in North America
Progressive Era the broad-based effort to improve American society, especially workplace conditions and access to government for common people
New Deal President Franklin Roosevelt's legislative and bureaucratic efforts to help the U.S. recover from its economic difficulties
14th Amendment anyone born in the U.S. was declared a citizen of the U.S.
Trail of Tears the forced removal of the Cherokee Indians from their traditional homelands in the South and their re-settlement in Oklahoma
Brown v. Board of Education declared racial segregation in public facilities (schools, public transportation, etc.) IS NOT protected by the Constitution
Reconstruction the legislative, economic, and military program to rebuild the country after the Civil War
Atomic Bomb Dropped on Hiroshima the event that ended World War II
Roaring '20s a period of extreme social change, marked by economic prosperity, changing morality (especially for women), and open disrespect for the law
Massacre at Wounded Knee the killing by the U.S. Army of Sioux men, women, and children who were prepared to surrender their arms
Louisiana Purchase the deal that doubled the size of the U.S.
Iraq War the U.S. invaded a major Middle Eastern country in order to remove the dictator, remove 'weapons of mass destruction' believed to be there, and retaliate for the 9/11 attack
19th Amendment women gain the right to vote
Bill of Rights Ratified the list and description of the legal rights of American citizens that marked the first time the U.S. Constitution was changed
McCarthyism the fear-driven effort to identify and remove all Communists in various aspects of American society
Civil Rights Movement the broad-based, long-term effort to achieve full rights and freedom for African-Americans
Election of President Obama the U.S. elected its first non-white President
Watergate the election scandal that forced President Nixon to resign
Pilgrims Found Plymouth Colony the first English colony established for religious reasons
World Wide Web Goes Public the "Information Superhighway" made digital information available in homes and on wireless devices
U.S. Constitution Drafted and Ratified the basic structure of the U.S. government was created
Louis and Clark Expedition the 2 1/2-year mission to explore the land acquired in the deal that doubled the size of the U.S.
Revolutionary War Great Britain and the American colonies fought over independence for the colonies
Plains Indian Wars the U.S. and various Native American tribes fought over control of the land in the middle of the continent
9/11 terrorist attack carried out by Muslim extremists against Major landmarks in New York City and Washington D.C.
Civil War the Union and the Confederacy fought over how much power the Constitution gives to the federal government
World War I the Central Powers and the Allied Powers fought over control of Europe and colonies in Africa and the Middle East
World War II the Allies and the Axis Powers fought over control of Europe, East Asia, and the islands in the Pacific
Vietnam War U.S. combat troops fought for years in Southeast Asia in an unsuccessful attempt to stop the spread of Communism
Columbus Arrives the beginning of European exploration and colonization of the New World
Declaration of Independence the American colonies announced to the world that they are no longer under the control of Great Britain
Settlement of the West the mass migration of American settlers from east of the Mississippi River to the west coast of the continent
Transcontinental Railroad Completed made traveling by land from one coast of the U.S. to the other coast much quicker and easier
Wright Brothers Fly an Airplane the first successful powered flight by humans
15th Amendment the newly-freed slaves gained the right to vote
Stock Market Crash the best-known indicator of the health of the American economy dropped dramatically in a week, throwing the nation into an economic crisis
Assassination of President Kennedy the murder of the 35th President of the United States
Henry Ford Mass Produces the Model T made cars cheaper and more readily available for more Americans
Reagan Revolution conservative political movement led by the 40th President that emphasized lower taxes, decentralized government, increased defense spending, and more aggressive opposition to Communism
Oregon Trail the best-known route of migration for American settlers headed to the West Coast
Great Depression a period of world-wide economic difficulties, including high levels of unemployment
Created by: 827600304023334