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HSCI 131

Chapter 1

word root foundation of a medical term and contains its primary meaning
dermat used primarily in terms that describe a disease, condition, treatment, or diagnosis of the skin
cutane used primarily to describe an anatomical structure (cutaneous: pertaining to the skin)
nephr term that describes a kidney disease (nephroma: tumor of the kidney)
ren term that identifies an anatomical structure (renal: pertaining to the kidney)
stomat term that describes an inflammatory condition of the mouth (stomatitis)
or term that identifies an anatomical structure (oral: pertaining to the mouth)
esthes feeling
therm heat
muscul muscle
nas nose
ur urine
nat birth
3 steps for defining medical words 1. define the suffix (last part) 2. define the first part of the word 3. define middle part of the word
a root word links.... a suffix that begins with a vowel
what is the word root in hepatitis? hepat
combining form root + o
a combining form links... a suffix that begins with a consonant
what is the combining form in hepatocyte hepato
hyster uterus
splen spleen
enter intestine
neur nerve
hydr water
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
arthrodesis fixation of a joint
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dentist specialist in teeth
gastrectomy excision of the stomach
chondritis inflammation of the cartilage
hepatoma tumor of the liver
muscular pertaining to muscle
gastric pertaining to the stomach
osteoma tumor of the bone
cholangi bile vessel
the diacritical mark - is called a macron
the diacritical mark v is called a breve
the - indicates the (short, long) sound of vowels long
the v indicates the (short, long) sound of vowels short
Created by: arehberg