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Hinduism/Budism

TermDefinition
Brahman The central divinity of Hinduism, Hindu for a supreme power.
dharma Virtue, righteousness, and duty, especially social and caste duty in accord with the cosmic order.
Hindu Someone who believes in Hinduism.
Hinduism The religion that originated from Aryan practices and beliefs that diffused from Central Asia to South Asia.
Vedas A Hindu sacred text.
Aryans The group that migrated into northern India in 2000 BCE possibly bringing with them elements of what later will become know as Hinduism.
Ramayana One of the two great Sanskrit epics of the Hindus, modeling dharma.
Sanskrit an ancient language of India.
Caste System A social structure based on birth and connected to the belief in reincarnation and karma.
polytheism Many gods in religion.
reincarnation A Hindu belief; a cycle of rebirth based on actions (karma) from prior lives that continues until joining with Brahman.
Barhmins Society's priests and religious scholars in the Caste System.
deities Gods and goddesses worshiped by followers of a particular religion, for example Vishnu, Shiva, Devi in Hinduism.
epic poems a long, narrative poem that is usually about heroic deeds and events that are significant to the culture of the poet.
Ganges River A sacred river in northern India.
hymns a type of song specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities.
pilgrimages Holy journeys, Hindus will travel to the Ganges and Saravati Rivers. They will cleanse themselves from sins.
Karma A Hindu belief; a result of a person's actions in this life that affects their next reincarnation.
Moksha A Hindu belief; end of the cycle of reincarnation when a person joins Brahman.
Samsara The cycle of death and rebirth.
Untouchables people of the caste system that are at the lowest level considered outside the caste system.
Siddhartha Guatama The birth name of the Indian prince who sat beneath a Bodhi tree for 49 days and became the "Enlightened One."
The Buddha A Sanskrit word meaning “enlightened”; the name given to the man who founded Buddhism.
Eightfold Path Guidelines to living that described how a Buddhist can escape suffering in life.
Four Noble Truths One of the first teachings of Buddha that described that life was full of suffering, that suffering was caused by desires, and that the only way to escape suffering was to follow the Eightfold Path.
nontheism Rather then the belief in a God or gods, the belief that we are all interconnected to every part of the universe.
Buddhism The religion founded by a former prince, which teaches that life brings suffering that one can escape by seeking nirvana through enlightenment.
Nirvana Reaching the elimination of the desire of worldly things.
Enlightenment Another word for Nirvana: The elimination of the desire for worldly things.
Historical Origin Historically how a religion began
Diffusion This is how a religion spread around the region and world.
Central Beliefs The main belief of a given religion.
Nepal The place where Siddhartha Gautama was born and Buddhism originated.
Indus River Valley A cultural hearth; the valley in present day Pakistan where the ancient cities Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were located.
Dalits In the Hindu caste system, a social class that is "untouchable" and beneath the lowest class.
Pantheon All the gods of a people or religion collectively.
India The largest nation-state in South Asia, both by land mass and population.
priests In the Hindu caste system, brahmins.
Created by: jmaust039