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Vocabulary List # 6

Government

TermDefinition
Distribution of Power refers to the division of power and responsibilities in a government. Power in a government can be distributed in 3 ways: Unitary, Confederation, Federal.
Unitary Government A form of government in which a central government operates all levels of government in a country.
Confederation Government A form of government based on a voluntary agreement under which separate countries/states/provinces work together under a common constitution. They differ from a federation in that they retain specific state or provincial rights.
Federal Government A form of government in which power is divided between the central government and smaller divisions, such as states.
Citizen participation the level of involvement that people are included in the economic, social, cultural and political processes that affect their lives.
Autocracy A government in which power is held by a single self-appointed ruler.
Oligarchy A government that ruled by a few, usually involving military.
Democracy A type of government run by the people. Each citizen has a say (or vote) in how the government is run.
Legislature A body of persons who have the power to make, amend, and repeal laws.
Parliament The legislature in a parliamentary democracy, like that in the United Kingdom. The legislature makes laws.
Parliamentary democracy In this type of government, the citizens elect representatives to parliament to make laws and decisions. The parliament then elects a Prime Minister from among the representatives.
Prime Minister The head of government in a parliamentary system of democracy, responsible for running the day-to-day operations of government
Presidential democracy In this type of government, the elected head of the executive branch acts independently of the legislative and judicial branches.
President an official head of government, and may be head of state.
Created by: McClure 6 SS
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