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History

flashcards 1-65

TermDefinition
Paleo People - lived more than 10,000 years ago - nomadic - hunted large animals (mammoths and mastodons) - used tools made of stone
Archaic People - 8000 BC - 1000 BC - simple shelters - moved with the seasons - hunted small game - began horticulture - made crude pottery
Woodland People - 1000 BC - 1000 AD - dome-shaped huts - small villages - bow and arrow - baked pottery with designs
Mississippian People - 700 AD - 1600 AD - larger villages - advanced agriculture - headdresses and body paint - mound builders
Spanish Missions - located on the Georgia coast/ barrier islands - Goal was to convert Native cultures to christianity
Hernando de Soto - first European to explore Georgia (1540) - came looking for gold - brought disease to Native Americans - destroyed Native American way of life
Reasons for Spanish Exploration - God - conversion of Natives to Christianity - Gold - riches - Glory - power and land ownership
Reasons for English Exploration - Gold - natural resources - Mercantilism - trade back to England within colonies - exotic spices (for trade)
Reasons for French Exploration - Gold - fur trade - Glory - land
James Oglethorpe - founded Georgia - one of 21 trustees; only one to live in Georgia - opposed slavery in Georgia
Charter of 1732 - legal document granting colonial rights for 21 years - no slavery, liquor, Catholics (provided for protection from Spanish Florida), or lawyers - established the boundary as the Altamaha River, Savannah River, and west to the Pacific Ocean
Trustees - group of 21 men chosen to represent the King in Georgia - made all rules for the colony - could not own land, hold office, or profit from the colony - motto for the colony - Non sibi sed allis (latin for not for themselves but for others)
City of Savannah - location on the river; significant because it provided defense - also known as Yamacra Bluff - first planned city in the British colonies (designed by Robert Castell) - four squares with 20 lots each
Chief Tomochi - Chief of Yamacraw Indians - agreed to share land with colonists - befriended Oglethorpe - helped defend colonists against Spanish - traveled to England to meet King George II
Mary Musgrove - served as interpreter for Oglethorpe - part Native American, part British - ran a trading post in Savannah
Salzburgers - came from Austria to colonies after being exiled for being protestants - strong work ethic - against slavery - settled Ebenezer and New Ebenezer
Highland Scotts - from Scotland - skilled and fearless fighters - experienced in agriculture - against slavery - helped in the Battle of Bloody Marsh
Malcontents - wealthy colonists who paid their own way to come to Georgia - issued formal complaint to the King about slavery, the restriction of rum, and limited land ownership
John Reynolds - 1st Royal Governor of Georgia - unpopular and ineffective - established democratic government - set up court system - served 3 years
Created by: ADM-B