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US/VA Unit 1 Vocab

Early Exploration, Settlements and Early Colonial Life

Cavaliers English nobles who were granted land in the New World
Columbian Exchange The exchange of goods and products between the Old World (Europe) and the New World (the Americas)
economic opportunity an opportunity to make a profit; the reason Jamestown was established
General Assembly Current name for the House of Burgesses
Great Awakening Religious movement that challenged religious and government authorities.
House of Burgesses First freely elected assembly in the New World
indentured servants poor people who agreed to work on plantations for 5-7 years in exchange for passage from Europe
Jamestown Established in 1607, was the first permanent English settlement
Mayflower Compact established the principle of majority rule in the colony and included ideas of direct democracy
Middle Atlantic settled by English, Dutch and German-speaking immigrants seeking religious freedom and economic opportunity
Middle Passage the voyage of enslaved Africans from Africa to the New World; part of Triangular Trade
plantations large-scale agricultural system in the southern colonies; included the growing of cash crops such as rice, indigo and tobacco
Puritans fled religious persecution in England and settled in New England; were often intolerant of other religious views
Quebec a French colony in what is now Canada
religious dissenters people who do not agree with the majority or popular religion of a region
subsistence farming type of agriculture that allows farmers to grow enough food to feed their families
The Enlightenment Time period that saw the development of new ideas about the rights of people and their relationship with their rulers
Town meeting a form of direct democracy often associated with the New England colonies
Virginia Company of London founded the first permanent English settlement in the New World
Ferdinand Magellan First known exporer to circle the globe
Christopher Colubus Italian explorer who sailed on behalf of Spain
Pedro Alvares Cabral Discovered Brazilian coast in 1500
John Cabot English-funded explorer who sailed to Newfoundland
Amerigo Vespucci Namesake of Western Hemisphere continents
Hernan Cortes Spanish explorer who conquered modern-day Cuba and Mexico
Created by: moniker124