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HSCI 131

Chapter 2

gastr stomach
-itis inflammation
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
hemat blood
-emesis vomiting
hematemesis vomiting blood
arthr joint
arthritis inflammation of the joint
gastr/o stomach
dynia pain
gastrodynia pain in the stomach
hemat/o blood
-logy study of
hematology study of blood
-centesis surgical puncture
arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint
enter intestine
oste/o bone
osteoarthritis inflammation of bone and joint
encephal/o brain
mening meninges
encephalomeningitis inflammation of brain and meninges
-clasis to break; surgical fracture
-desis binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-ectomy excision, removal
-lysis seperation; destruction; loosening
-pexy fixation (of an organ)
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy forming an opening (mouth)
-tome instrument to cut (osteotome)
-tomy incision
-tripsy crushing
-gram record, writing (electrocardiogram)
electr/o electricity
-graph instrument for recording (cardiograph)
-graphy process of recording (angiography)
-meter instrument for measuring (pelvimeter)
pelv/i pelvis
-metry act of measuring (pelvimetry)
-scope instrument for examining (endoscope)
-scopy visual examination (endoscopy)
-algia pain (neuralgia)
-dynia pain (otodynia)
-cele hernia, swelling (hepatocele)
-ectasis dilation, expansion (bronchiectasis)
-edema swelling (lymphedema)
-emesis vomiting (hyperemesis)
-emia blood condition (anemia)
-gen forming, producing, origin (carcinogen)
-genesis forming, producing, origin (carcinogenesis)
-iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specified) (cholelithiasis)
-lith stone, calculus (cholelith)
-malacia softening (chondromalacia)
-megaly enlargement (cardiomegaly)
-oma tumor (carcinoma)
-osis abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells) (cyanosis)
-pathy disease (myopathy)
-penia decrease, deficiency (erythropenia)
-phagia eating, swallowing (dysphagia)
-phasis speech (aphasia)
-phobia fear (homophobia)
-plasia formation, growth (dysplasia)
-plasm formation, growth (neoplasm)
-plegia paralysis (hemiplegia)
-ptosis prolapse, downward displacement (blepharoptosis)
-rrhage bursting forth (of) (hemorrhage)
-rrhagia bursting forth (of) (menorrhagia)
-rrhea discharge, flow (diarrhea)
-rrhexis rupture (arteriorrhexis)
-sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening (arteriosclerosis)
-spasm involuntary contraction, twitching (blepharospasm)
-stenosis narrowing, stricture (arteriostenosis)
-toxic poison (hepatotoxic)
-trophy nourishment, development (dystrophy)
-ac pertaining to (cardiac)
-al pertaining to (neural)
-ar pertaining to (muscular)
-ary pertaining to (pulmonary)
-eal pertaining to (esophageal)
-ic pertaining to (thoracic)
-ical pertaining to (pathological)
-ile pertaining to (penile
-ior pertaining to (posterior)
-ous pertaining to (cutaneous)
-tic pertaining to (acoustic)
-esis condition (diuresis)
-ia condition (pneumonia)
-ism condition (hyperthyroidism)
-iatry medicine, treatment (podiatry)
-ician specialist (obstetrician)
-ist specialist (dentist)
-y condition, process (neuropathy)
-icle small, minute (ventricle)
-ole small, minute (arteriole)
-ule small, minute (venule)
Created by: arehberg