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Islam Unit

Ch. 7-9

TermDefinition
Islam the religious faith of Muslims; also the civilization based on the Islamic religion and the group of countries where Islam in the main religion
Muhammad a man born around 570 who taught the faith of Islam
Polytheism belief in more than one god
Ka'bah located in the center of the Holy City of Makkah, place where shrines are worshiped
Allah Arabic word for God
prophet a person who speaks or interprets the words of God
monotheism belief in one god
Muslim a person who follows the Islamic faith
boycott a refusal to do business with an organization or group to try and make a point
mosque a Islamic place of worship
siege a military action in which a place is surrounded and cut off to force those inside to surrender
Caliph Muslim leader
revealed uncovered, shown
Qur'an the holy book of the religion of Islam
Sunnah the example that Muhammad set for Muslims about how to live
Five Pillars of Islam the most basic acts of worship for Muslims
Shahadah the first pillar of Islam that focus on declaration of faith in Islam
muezzin a "crier" that calls Muslims to prayer five times each day
Salat the second pillar of Islam that focuses on daily prayer
purified clean, washed, pure
Zakat the third pillar of Islam and focuses on helping others
Ramadan the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, during which Muslims are required to fast
distribute divide and give equally to others
fasting not eating or drinking
Eid al-Fitr a special celebration held at the end of Ramadan, food, clothes and parties
Pilgrimage a religious journey to a holy place
Siyam the fourth pillar of Islam and focuses on the holy month of Ramadan
Hajj the fifth pillar of Islam and focuses on pilgrimage to the holy city, Makkah
jihad Muslims "struggle" with the challenges within themselves and the world as they strive to please God
shari'ah the body of Islamic laws based on the Qur'an
Adaptation a change made to an existing object or way of doing things
Innovations something new;an improvement
cultural diffusion the spread of cultural elements from one group of people to another
philosopher a scholar, teacher, or thinker who seeks knowledge
immortal to live forever
evolution the slow process of change in plants and animals from simpler forms to more complex forms
astrolabe a navigational tool used to travel
The Canon of Medicine a book that was written by "the prince of physicians" explain how to fight diseases
Created by: mlenchitsky
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