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Unit 13


reform movement that called for governmental policies to right political, economic, and social wrongs of industrial age Progressivism
journalists who exposed social wrongs; incited reform muckrakers
muckraker who exposed corrupt city governments Lincoln Steffens
muckraker who wrote The History of the Standard Oil Company (which was broken into 34 companies in 1911—Exxon and Mobil) Ida Tarbell
muckraking photojournalist (How the Other Half Lives) Jacob Riis
muckraking author who wrote The Jungle about the meatpacking industry Upton Sinclair
political movement that seeks to redistribute wealth to create greater social and economic equality socialism
term that refers to any movement that attempts to appeal to the common man populism
radical union that sought to nationalize industry, collectivize agriculture, and re-distribute wealth Industrial Workers of the World
leader of the American Socialist Party Eugene Debs
Populist Party platform that called for reforms to curtail power of banks and trusts Omaha Platform
party system that included Republicans and Democrats; issues were Progressive era reforms 4th Party system
tightly organized groups of politicians that dominated city politics political "machines"
Democratic political machine boss in New York City Boss Tweed
institutions typically run by middle-class women in ethnic neighborhoods that provided social services to immigrants settlement houses
started Hull House (settlement house) in Chicago Jane Addams
Progressive governor of Wisconsin Robert LaFollette
direct election of political party's candidate (usually for President) direct primary
provided for direct election of US senators 17th Amendment
instituted federal income tax 16th Amendment
petitions that force vote on a law initiatives
process whereby voters are asked to accept or reject particular proposal referendum
vote to remove elected official recall
Progressive reform whereby an individual votes in secret and his/her vote is not made public Australian (secret) ballot
suffrage group led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony; argued that women should get right to vote because of moral superiority National American Woman Suffrage Association
gave women the right to vote in federal elections 19th Amendment
nickname for Teddy Roosevelt's political agenda as president Square Deal
progressive law that regulated railroad rates Hepburn Act
Republican President who broke up the most trusts William Howard Taft
strengthened Sherman Anti-trust Act and said unions were NOT trusts Clayton Anti-trust Act
regulated interstate commerce in food by inspecting food for safety Pure Food and Drug Act
required meat to be inspected before and after slaughter and required sanitary conditions in slaughterhouses; partly result of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle Meat Inspection Act
progressive conservationist who started the Sierra Club John Muir
federal agency that regulates and manages the US economy Federal Reserve System
nickname for Teddy Roosevelt's Progressive Party in the 1912 presidential election Bull Moose Party
Created by: debbiecasillo
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